The 3rd of October is not only the day of the Reunification of Germany but also the anniversary of the re-establishment of full diplomatic relations between the Royal Kingdom of Cambodia and the Federal Republic of Germany in 1993. This has been the starting point for various areas of cooperation between the two countries. Starting off mainly from development cooperation projects, the interaction has since broadened to culture, education, media and business. Government initiatives and projects of political foundations, private companies, nongovernmental organisations, academic institutions and individuals complement each other. The following pages provide a representative overview of these activities.
As in the field of development cooperation, cultural exchange and cooperation are also supported by the German government. Meta House, which started as a private initiative in 2007, has since evolved into the German Cambodian Cultural Center and is well known for its rich program of interesting cultural events. It also hosts a German-language program under the auspices of the Goethe Institute, taught according to certified standards and by qualified teachers.
A memorandum of understanding signed between the German Embassy and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports in July has paved the way for German-language training being introduced at universities and as a component for the vocational training of tourist guides and to broaden cooperation in the field of education in general.
Academic relations between Germany and Cambodia are promoted by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), which sponsors the study of young Cambodians in Germany as well as in third countries of the region through scholarships. The DAAD also funds a lecturer at the Royal University of Phnom Penh’s Department for Media and Communication.
The German Apsara Conservation Project, which develops conservation methods based on targeted research at Angkor Wat, has received strong support by the German government’s Cultural Heritage Site Conservation Program with total funding of about €3.4 million so far. Through this work, a major contribution is made to the conservation of the invaluable stone reliefs which are a hallmark of the temples of Angkor.
A coherent approach linking the development of research-based conservation methods to national capacity building, thus helping to preserve Angkor Wat World Cultural Heritage Site.
2,334 AP mines and 15,481 UXO were found and destroyed through mine clearance. 4,137,071 m2 of land was handed back to communities in the first three quarters of 2014.
Germany supports Cambodia’s economic and political integration into ASEAN with more than 30 programs and projects, focusing mainly on the exchange of knowledge and experience between ASEAN members.
PRIVATE SECTOR COOPERATION
KfW Banking Group supports small- and medium-sized businesses through local banks, microfinance institutions and global microfinance funds active in Cambodia. Total commitments summed up to
$241 million over the last five years.
RURAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Germany supports rural development (including rural growth, rural governance, land tenure security and rural infrastructure) focusing on the poor.
New roads and bridges make travelling faster, cheaper and safer. Kids can now go year-round to schools and farmers can ship their products much easier than before. They save up to 40 per cent on transport costs and time.
SOCIAL HEALTH PROTECTION
Germany supports the Royal Government in improving the quality and accessibility of health services for all Cambodians, focusing on the most vulnerable groups.
More than 3,000 Cambodian women and children survivors of gender-based violence have received legal and social services through the Access to Justice for Women project, supported by Germany.
SOCIAL LAND CONCESSIONS
Germany supports the piloting of the distribution of private state land to landless and land-poor families for agricultural and residential purposes to socially balance access to land.
JUSTICE AND RECONCILIATION
The Germangovernment supports the ECCC financially and with legal advice, contributes to the Victims Support Section of the ECCC and promotes activities of several NGOs in the area of justice and reconciliation.