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Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Anti-Vietnames groups plotting in Phnom Penh

Anti-Vietnames groups plotting in Phnom Penh

A NTI-COMMUNIST, ethnic Vietnamese groups advocating the overthrow of the Vietnamese

government have been operating in Phnom Penh for over a year, according to diplomats

and government officials.

The groups - under names such as "Free Vietnam" and led by people who include

Vietnamese Americans who held senior positions in the former South Vietnam government

- are said to be armed.

Cambodian officials are aware of the groups, but have so far refrained from clamping

down on them.

A senior Ministry of Interior official, who requested anonymity, said: "We learned

about this more than a year ago but so far there is no real organization... We have

not arrested anyone [but] the government does not support any 'Free Vietnam' movement...

we continue to trace their activities and [try to] destroy them." But the official

said the groups had no weapons and were doing nothing illegal.

Other sources, including diplomats, disagree, saying that the groups are well-armed.

One government source said: "It's not a surprise they have weapons, anyone can

buy weapons in Cambodia."

As well, senior Cambodian officials say that elements of the Cambodian government

are directly implicated in giving assistance and permission to the groups to operate

in Cambodia. Said one senior Cambodian official: "They came to meet with us

and said that they wanted to overthrow the Vietnamese government and once that was

achieved promised to leave Cambodian soil."

While the number of organizations is unclear, the US Embassy confirmed it knew of

one called Vietnam Tudu (Free Vietnam), operating in Phnom Penh since early 1994.

Embassy spokesman Frank Huffman told the Post on Nov 2: "We're aware of the

group [Free Vietnam]. We have no connection with it nor do we wish to."

Vietnamese sources say that another organization operating in Phnom Penh is called

Chinh Phu Vietnam Phuc Quoc (Restore the Vietnamese Government).

The groups have alarmed Vietnamese authorities and the matter has been raised at

the highest levels with the U.S. Government. Sources in Hanoi say possible American

involvement was raised during U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher's Aug 5

visit to Hanoi when the U.S. pledged full cooperation to thwart the group's activities

in the U.S.

Huffman confirmed the U.S. position: "We, of course, do not support their objectives

because we have good relations with the new Cambodian government and of course have

recently established full diplomatic relations with Hanoi."

The Cambodian government has denied any involvement or support for these groups.

Information Minister Ieng Mouly said on Nov 2: "Because of our neutrality, we

cannot let any foreign groups conduct political or military operations against a

neighboring government. [If they do] they must be punished... I think our police

must know about this but I don't know [about] the way they handle this affair."

Sources say the groups are led by former general of the pre-1975 Army of the Republic

of Vietnam (South Vietnam), many of whom were given refuge and citizenship in the


In Cambodia, the groups are said to have as many as 2,000 members, have issued "membership"

cards, established legitimate front organizations including a construction company

and a training center, and are circulating propaganda in Vietnamese describing the

program of a new government and its organizational chart.

A Vietnamese-language publication called Vietnam Tudo, on sale in Phnom Penh, is

said to be linked to the organization of the same name. Sources also say that they

learned of an "Operation Bravo" in mid-1994, headed by ethnic Vietnamese

Americans aimed at overthrowing the Vietnam government.

Diplomats also say that former South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky is involved

with one of these groups and has visited Cambodia recently to organize resistance

operations. Ky, a former lieutenant general in the South Vietnamese Air Force, fled

Saigon in April 1975 and opened a liquor store in Southern California, since acquiring

American citizenship.

One diplomat said he'd heard six months ago of "nationalist" Vietnamese

elements from the U.S. who were giving money to remnants of the South Vietnamese

army, with the promise that former ARVN soldiers and their families would be repatriated

to the West.

Similar anti-Vietnamese resistance groups have been known about for years. In the

1980s ethnic Vietnamese opposed to the current Hanoi government operated from the

Thai border in secret military camps with covert Thai and Chinese support.

That related groups are now operating in Cambodia is no surprise. Said one government

official: "All they need to set up operations here is $20 for the visa at Pochentong."

The issue is likely to be a source of on-going contention between the governments

of Cambodia and Vietnam and it is expected to be high on the agenda of discussions

when King Norodom Sihanouk visits Hanoi in mid-December.



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