This international declaration has been adopted by the International Federation of
Journalists (IFJ) as
a standard of professional conduct for journalists engaged in gathering, transmitting,
disseminating and commenting on news and information and in describing events:
- Respect for truth and for the right of the public to truth is the first duty
of the journalist.
- In pursuance of this duty, the journalist shall at all times defend the principles
of freedom in the honest collection and publication of news, and of the right of
fair comment and criticism.
- The journalist shall report only in accordance with facts of which he/she knows
the origin. The journalist shall not suppress essential information or falsify documents.
- The journalist shall use only fair methods to obtain news, photographs and documents.
- The journalist shall do the utmost to rectify any published information which
is found to be harmfully inaccurate.
- The journalist shall observe professional secrecy regarding the source of information
obtained in confidence.
- The journalist shall be aware of the danger of discrimination being furthered
by the media, and shall do the utmost to avoid facilitating such discrimination based
on, among other things, race, sex, sexual orientation, language, religion, political
or other opinions, and national or social origins.
- The journalist shall regard as grave professional offenses the following:
- Malicious misrepresentation;
Calumny, slander, libel, unfounded accusation;
The acceptance of a bribe in any form in consideration of either publication or suppression.
Journalists worthy of that name shall deem it their duty to observe faithfully
the principles stated above. Within the general law of each country the journalist
shall recognize in professional matters the jurisdiction of colleagues only, to the
exclusion of every kind of interference by governments or others.