Cambodia's economic growth is expected to dip into the single
digits this year, dropping more than three points to 7.0 percent, the
International Monetary Fund said on June 6, citing a slowdown in the
Kingdom's key garment sector.
But the decrease from 2007's growth of 10.25 percent is not likely to
hurt Cambodia's position as one of the region's most robust economies,
it said in a statement released at the end of a round of talks between
IMF and senior government officials.
"Economic activity in Cambodia remains robust, although the pace of
growth is expected to ease. ... The moderation mainly reflects slowing
garment exports due to weaker external demand and heightened regional
competition," the IMF said.
The garment sector is impoverished Cambodia's largest industrial
employer – giving jobs to more than 330,000 people – and one of the
main sources of foreign exchange.
But while exports topped $2 billion in 2007, orders plummeted by 46
percent in the last quarter of the year, raising fears that the
industry would be badly shaken by increasing competition from China and
Inflation, which in January rose to 18.7 percent, will also hold back
growth and continue to affect mostly poor Cambodians who have been hit
hard by spiraling food and fuel costs.
"The mission shared authorities' concern with rising inflation and its adverse effect on the poor," the IMF said.
More than a third of Cambodia's 14 million people remain mired in poverty, living on the equivalent of $1 a day.
While record-high international oil and food prices have contributed
heavily to inflation in Cambodia, domestic commercial bank lending,
which increased 100 percent year-on-year in early 2008, has also
flooded the economy with cash and added to inflationary pressures, the
The government has tightened its monetary policies in an attempt to
rein in inflation – including raising bank reserve requirements in a
bid to curb high credit growth and reduce the demand for loans.