The following are excerpts from an interview in early August between Khieu Samphan,
president of Democratic Kampuchea, and the Phnom Penh Post.
On Working with UNTAC
Our position remains clear. As long as the fundamental issues are not resolved, other
issues cannot be resolved. If we do not implement the Paris agreement to force Vietnam
to withdraw, there will be no peace in Cambodia, there will be no national reconciliation,
and there will be no neutral political environment necessary to hold elections.
We have clearly said that the most important thing is the implementation of the Paris
agreement in regard to the SNC [Supreme National Council]-the sole legitimate source
of authority in Cambodia. If the SNC remains without power and means, then UNTAC-either
consciously or unconsciously-is cooperating with the Phnom Penh regime and the elections
will certainly be held within the framework of the regime set up by the Vietnamese.
There can be no neutral political environment under such conditions to hold an election-the
result of which would be to rubberstamp the Vietnamese occupation.
We will never accept this and cannot participate in elections or political activity
under such conditions. If these two key provisions are not implemented, then the
Party of Democratic Kampuchea cannot have a neutral political environment in order
to have elections. If such a situation continues, we will continue to do as we are
I also told Akashi clearly that our own proposal is only one proposal. We would consider
any proposal that would allow the SNC to play its role. We continue to believe that
through consultation and dialogue, we will be able to break the current deadlock.
No Desire to Return to Power
If we look at the past nine months, we can see that this is the main trend: the western
powers' thinking is now to get rid of the forces of the party of Democratic Kampuchea.
They try to keep in place the Phnom Penh regime and the Vietnamese forces, to use
these forces to try to get rid of the Khmer Rouge.
Allow me to inform the western powers that we do not entertain any idea whatsoever
to return to power. If we look at the provisions of the Paris agreement, there is
no provision to allow us to return to power.
The Paris agreement calls for the withdrawal of foreign forces and entrusts UNTAC
to organize and supervise elections in a neutral political environment. We will respect
these elections and have no desire to return to power.
The big western powers should ask [the opinion of] Cambodians, including those living
in the United States, Canada, and Europe. Those Cambodians will tell them that, while
they do not agree with the policies between 1975 and 1978, they do not agree that
the Khmer Rouge should be eliminated.
All Cambodians want national reconciliation, and on this point they support the Democratic
Kampuchea party. This does not mean they join our party; but they don't want us eliminated.
Relations with China
In concrete terms we no longer receive assistance from China. I have seen [Chinese
Deputy Foreign Minister Xu Dunxin] a few days ago. He conveyed to me the position
of China, and tried to impress upon me that we should enter into Phase II. He said
that [Democratic Kampuchea's] two key provisions are reasonable and correct, but
that we should enter into Phase II and discuss the matter at the same time. I conveyed
to China that we want the two key provisions implemented first.
I think you understand that China has no interest in supporting the party of Democratic
Kampuchea in violation of the peace agreement. China needs to have good relations
with the west in all fields-trade, diplomatic, and economic. China also wants to
have good relations with Vietnam, now that there is no more Soviet Union, Eastern
Europe, and in a situation where the socialist community is disappearing.
On Vietnamese Settlers
Recently [U.S. Chief-of-Mission] Charles Twining spoke of his worst nightmare, seeing
Vietnamese corpses floating down the Mekong River in Phnom Penh. UNTAC must understand
the urgency of resolving the problem of the Vietnamese settlers, who are part of
Vietnam's occupation plan, which continues to swallow Cambodia.
If the Cambodian people cannot see a peaceful resolution to the problem, they will
seek other means. So the nightmare that Twining was talking about might become a
reality. What are the consequences, we cannot foresee.
If we raise these issues, people blame us for creating the problem. But the problem
exists, it is not us who invented it. It is very clear that as long as Vietnamese
forces are not withdrawn, the Cambodian people will never accept this.
As long as Vietnamese settlers continue to plunder the land of the Cambodian people,
the Cambodian people will never accept such a situation. Vietnam continues to occupy
Cambodia through the regime they set up. At this point the western powers do not
see this-the Vietnamese experts on overt and covert warfare in all fields continue
to direct Phnom Penh.
We agree that the question of the Vietnamese settlers should be left for the new
Cambodian government, after elections, to tackle.