A nationwide garment factory strike began to take shape yesterday, as workers took to the streets a day after the Ministry of Labour announced they would raise the industry’s minimum wage by less than a quarter of what union leaders had demanded.
Union leaders immediately decried the Labour Ministry’s decision to raise minimum salaries in the garment sector to $95 in April, rather than the $160 minimum wage they supported.
“I hope officials will negotiate again on the minimum wage in order to end this dispute,” said Pav Sina, president of the Collective Union of Movement of Workers (CUMW). “If the government or the employers don’t, protests will grow larger and larger without ending.”
As of yesterday, 94 factories across Phnom Penh and several provinces had shuttered to join the strike, according to the Free Trade Union (FTU).
In a joint statement released hours after Tuesday’s decision, CUMW, FTU, the Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers’ Democratic Union (C.CAWDU), the National Independent Federation Textile Union of Cambodia (NIFTUC) and the Cambodia Alliance of Trade Unions (CATU) called for a national strike of garment workers until the government agreed to set the industry’s minimum wage to $160 in the coming year.
The statement predicts about 200,000 garment workers from 300 factories in the Kingdom will join the strike.
Noun Chan Thoeun was one of about 10,000 strikers who met opposition leader Sam Rainsy yesterday at a Russey Keo district pagoda after a 10-kilometre march.
“$95 per month cannot make our lives better, it cannot support our families,” Chan Thoeun said.
Although planning on striking, Kleng Vichey, 23, from Evergreen Apparel (Cambodia) Co., Ltd. showed up for work yesterday because his union, C.CAWDU, has not yet sent a letter informing the factory of the intended strike, he said.
A statement released by the Cambodian Center for Human Rights on Tuesday aired concern over a letter the Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia sent to the Labour Ministry last week, urging the government to enforce a zero-tolerance policy toward “illegal” strikes.
“Regardless of the legality of the strike, a zero-tolerance policy will only ignore the root causes of the labor (sic) dispute and most likely lead to further violent crackdowns,” CCHR’s statement said.
In one of several demonstrations yesterday, hundreds of FTU demonstrators in Kampong Cham province yesterday blocked the Kisona Bridge for about three hours, said Yen Sokheang, FTU’s Kampong Cham president.
The Labour Ministry yesterday released a statement saying that unions rejecting the government’s wage decision would be “legally responsible for... anything that happens during the strike.”