Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Bangladesh: Solar energy prospects getting dimmer

Bangladesh: Solar energy prospects getting dimmer

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
The demand for cleaner energy declined amid fast-expanding electricity connections in off-grid areas. THE DAILY STAR

Bangladesh: Solar energy prospects getting dimmer

Solar energy installation in Bangladesh has lost momentum in the last two years as the appetite for the cleaner electricity fell in the face of fast-expanding electricity connections in off-grid areas by public agencies.

Installation of solar energy system dropped 19 per cent year-on-year to 43.25MW last year, data from the Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (Sreda) shows.

This was the second straight year that the solar energy drive slowed down since the installation by various agencies reached its peak of 57.75MW in 2017.

It was mainly because of expansion of solar home system in off-gird areas at that time, said Sreda chairman Mohammad Helal Uddin said.

“As the entire Bangladesh is coming under hundred per cent electrification, nothing is going to remain off-gird,” he added.

The expansion of solar home systems, now standing at around six million, is hitting the brakes as demand waned for increased electricity connection as the government strives to ensure electricity for all by March 2021.

Now more than 95 per cent of the population has access to electricity and electricity connection has grown 39 per cent to 36 million since June 2017.

Nearly six million new consumers received power connection in the last one and a half years, according to the Power Division and the finance ministry.

The adoption of renewable energy has slowed in Bangladesh at a time when many other countries are increasingly turning to solar and wind energy to move to cleaner energy on the back of technological innovations and favourable government policies.

The decade-long trend of strong growth in renewable energy capacity continued in 2018 with global additions of 171GW, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency.

The annual increase of 7.9 per cent was bolstered by new additions from solar and wind energy, which accounted for 84 per cent of the growth.

Because of the expansion of the electricity grid, solar home system and solar mini-grid are being closed as people get electricity at lower prices than what they got from mini-grids, Helal said.

“We are now taking various measures to scale up renewable energy generation.”

One of the steps is to encourage people to set up solar energy on rooftops of industries and buildings and enable operators of the rooftop solar system to supply excess electricity to national grid at certain tariffs.

Industrial rooftops hold huge potential in Bangladesh and using rooftops of factories 1,000MW of electricity can easily be generated, said Mahmood Malik, executive director and CEO of Infrastructure Development Company, earlier in September.

Other initiatives of the Sreda include establishment of floating solar power plants and solar-based irrigation pumps to increase renewable energy generation.

“As a result, total renewable energy generation is increasing,” Helal said. Solar energy is the biggest source of clean energy in Bangladesh with 22,787MW of power generation capacity. Total installed capacity of solar energy stood at 372MW last year, Sreda data showed.

The government has set a target to produce 10 per cent of electricity from renewable sources by 2020. Including solar, combined installed renewable energy capacity is nearly three per cent of the total power generation capacity.

A higher number of solar panels were installed in on-grid areas compared to off-grid areas in the last two years, Sreda data showed.

Many people in rural areas are still installing solar home systems to cut electricity bills, said Dipal Barua, president of the Bangladesh Solar and Renewable Energy Association.

“This will increase because of rising electricity tariff.”

But given the ongoing international tension and the risk of price spiral of oil, Bangladesh needs to develop a solid base for renewable energy so that it can cut risks of higher power generation cost resulting from the spike in prices of fossil fuels.

An action plan with annual renewable energy target is needed, Barua said, while urging the government to provide land either on lease or on rental basis to encourage investors to establish solar power plants.

Getting land to set up solar power plants is tough and land is one of the major constraints behind the sluggish pace of setting up power plants in the private sector, he added

THE DAILY STAR (BANGLADESH)/ASIA NEWS NETWORK

MOST VIEWED

  • Tourists urged not to skip trip

    The Ministry of Tourism has called on international tourists not to cancel trips to Cambodia, but urged them to adhere to several dos and don’ts when arriving in the Kingdom during the Covid-19 pandemic. The ministry released an eight-point instruction manual on Wednesday published

  • The taxman cometh – Cambodia’s capital gains tax casts the net on individual taxpayers

    In a country where only limited personal income tax existed, the new taxation law beginning January 1, 2021, will make taxpayers out of Cambodians, whether they are ready for it or not About two years ago, a little known amendment was made to Article 7 of the Law

  • Cambodian-American gets Star Trek treatment

    Kevin Ung, a Cambodian-American whose family escaped genocide during the Khmer Rouge’s reign of terror, was recently selected from thousands of applicants to participate in the Television Academy Foundation’s inaugural 2020 Star Trek Command Training Programme, a course intended to give hands-on filmmaking experience

  • Cambodia seeks to be transport hub

    Cambodia is working on several fronts to modernise its transport infrastructure and services, concentrating on opening new international gates to relieve and balance traffic congestion at its borders, Minister of Public Works and Transport Sun Chanthol said on Thursday. This is part of the Kingdom’

  • PM: West unfair to Cambodia

    Prime Minister Hun Sen released a message celebrating the International Day of Peace on Monday, saying that some major powers and western countries had been systemically cooperating to put political pressure on Cambodia as they did in the 1970s and 1980s. Hun Sen said pressuring

  • Deminers unearth ancient lion statue

    Cambodia Mine Action Centre (CMAC) director-general Heng Ratana told The Post on Tuesday that a statue of a lion was found by mine clearance experts while they were digging for a development project. It was sent to the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts last