Canada on November 28 announced aid of C$691 million (US$531 million) to its poultry and egg producers for losses caused by free trade deals with Europe and Asia-Pacific countries.
Canada controls the production and price of eggs, poultry and milk through annual quotas and import taxes – a system deemed protectionist by its foreign partners.
But with the entry into force in recent years of free trade deals with the EU (CETA) and another with a dozen Asia-Pacific countries (TPP), Ottawa has agreed to open further its market to foreign producers, angering Canadian farmers.
By announcing these breaches of the supply management system, in place since the 1970s, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government had promised that compensation would be paid to breeders.
Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Marie-Claude Bibeau said federal aid to some 4,800 egg and poultry producers will extend over 10 years.
Bibeau also announced an acceleration in disbursements of the C$1.75 billion pledged last year to compensate dairy farmers over eight years.
More than 10,000 farmers had received a first aid tranche of C$345 million last year.
The remaining C$1.4 billion is to be paid to them over the next three years.
Bibeau cited an example payment, saying the owner of an 80-cow farm would receive compensation of about C$38,000 per year.
Bibeau also reiterated the government’s intention to offer compensation to producers affected by a greater opening of the Canadian market under the new free trade agreement between Canada, the US and Mexico, in force since earlier this year.