Canada's Teck Resources Ltd on Sunday said it had withdrawn its application to develop a giant oil sands mine in western Alberta, a controversial project which the federal government had been set to vote on this week.
The Frontier project would have cost about C$20 billion (US$15 billion) and had been expected to produce 260,000 barrels of oil per day.
But its impact on the environment had been denounced by environmentalists and the region’s indigenous population – mine production would have generated 4.1 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year, a study by the Impact Assessment Agency of Canada said.
The Vancouver-based natural resources company said in a press release it had sent a letter to the environment minister explaining its decision.
“We are disappointed to have arrived at this point,” said Teck CEO Don Lindsay in his letter to the government.
“Teck put forward a socially and environmentally responsible project that was industry leading and had the potential to create significant benefits for Canadians,” he wrote, adding that his company sought to balance economic development with environmental respect.
Lindsay said investors and consumers increasingly want a framework in place that reconciles resources development and climate change.
“This does not yet exist here today and, unfortunately, the growing debate around this issue has placed Frontier and our company squarely at the nexus of much broader issues that need to be resolved,” Lindsay said.
“In that context, it is now evident that there is no constructive path forward for the project.”
Minister of Environment and Climate Change Jonathan Wilkinson and Minister of Natural Resources Seamus O’Regan said they appreciated that Teck had made a “difficult decision”.
“A strong economy and clean environment must go hand in hand. As Teck has rightly pointed out, and as many in the industry know, global investors and consumers are increasingly looking for the cleanest products available and sustainable resource development,” they said in a joint statement.
“We agree with Teck and leading industry groups that all orders of government need a real plan for climate action now and to reach a net zero economy by 2050.”
Leaders of oil-producing Alberta province had considered the Frontier project essential for the region’s growth and employment.
However, a decision would have been particularly delicate for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who pledged to make Canada carbon-neutral by 2050 when he was re-elected last year.
Canada is currently gripped by indigenous protests that have blocked rail lines for more than two weeks to oppose a natural gas pipeline being built across indigenous lands in British Columbia.