Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Cuba sweet on sugar imports

Cuba sweet on sugar imports

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
A woman buys sugar produced in France’s capital Paris, sold at a grocery store in Havana. YAMIL LAGE/AFP

Cuba sweet on sugar imports

Sugar, it’s so quintessentially Cuban that even a young, machete-wielding Fidel Castro used to hack away at the cane stalks vital to the Caribbean island’s economy.

Now, the long-time world leader in sugar production is importing the stuff for the first time, and in large amounts, from France after another bad harvest.

Sugar used to account for the vast majority of Cuba’s exports. But the fall of its big brother, the Soviet Union – a key, hungry customer – changed everything, as did a lack of investment in seeds, fertiliser and pesticides.

To wit: in the early 1990s, Cuba produced about eight million tonnes of sugar a year. A decade later, it stopped reaching two million a year.

Back then, sugar accounted for almost 75 per cent of Cuban exports. In 2015, it was only 13 per cent, with other products like nickel and tobacco making up some of the difference.

The 2017-2018 harvest suffered badly after Hurricane Irma ravaged the country, followed by a long rainy season.

So Cuba is importing sugar from France.

On the island, residents quickly caught wind of the somewhat counter-intuitive development.

Here, sugar from cane tends to be brownish. But the French version comes from beets so it is whiter, and the granules are finer. And that is what Cubans started receiving with their “libreta” – their ration book.

“The sugar we get now is very good. It is very sweet, not very different. The only difference is the color,” said Felicia Navarro, a 40-year-old homemaker.

The French government farm and seafood export agency FranceAgriMer said that from 2001 to last year, Cuba had imported just three tonnes of sugar from France.

But in just three months this year – June, July and August – that number ballooned to 40,000 tonnes.

“It’s the first time in history Cuba is importing significant amounts of sugar from France,” FranceAgriMer said.

Cuba imports most of the food it consumes. Yearly, it imports 400,000 tonnes of wheat.

These new numbers are humiliating for Cuba, given its past as the world’s largest producer of sugar. Moreover, it is one of the biggest exporters. Until 1960, the US was one of its main customers.

Then came the Soviets, who bought Cuban sugar at a discounted price. These days, sugar production here is disappointing.

The expected annual amount is 1.6 million tonnes, but it is actually just 1.1 million. And it is no surprise that Cuba has to import because it has export contracts with China to fulfill, said FranceAgriMer.

A British farm consultancy called FO Licht said it expects Cuban output to improve next season and reach 1.5 million tonnes – even if that is far from the big numbers it used to post in the 1980s.

Cuba’s government blames the US trade embargo, which since 1962 has blocked imports of badly needed farm and industrial equipment.

“The main obstacle to the development of the island is the embargo imposed by the US,” Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel said recently, adding his people were “condemned to die of hunger.”

The island nation lacks resources and hard currency, but there are also structural and logistical factors at play, said Cuban economist Omar Everleny Perez.

Cuba has been obsessed with diversifying its economy and making it less dependent on sugar exports, he said, but that has led to underinvestment – and the sector’s worst harvest in a century.

“The Golden Age is over because production capacity is not what it was,” said Perez.

There used to be 150 factories in Cuba for processing sugar cane. Now there are only around 50.

Cuba should turn over 15 or so to foreign investors who have shown interest, he added.

A new draft national constitution that will be voted on February should make things easier because it acknowledges that foreign investment is important to Cuba’s development.

“Otherwise,” Perez added, “Cuba runs the risk of being short on sugar in the next few years.”
.

MOST VIEWED

  • Municipal hall releases map detailing colour coded Covid risks by commune

    Phnom Penh municipal governor Khuong Sreng released an official map detailing the red, yellow and dark yellow zones within the city under the new lockdown orders for Phnom Penh announced on April 26. The designation of red, dark yellow and yellow corresponds to areas with high,

  • Phnom Penh unveils rules for post-lockdown transition

    The Phnom Penh Municipal Administration issued a set of detailed guidelines for the seven days to May 12 after the capital emerges from lockdown at the onset of May 6. In the 14-page document signed by municipal governor Khuong Sreng released on the evening of May 5, the

  • Phnom Penh, Takmao lockdown extended for another week

    The government late on April 26 announced an extension of lockdown in Phnom Penh and adjacent Takmao town in Kandal province for another seven days – or longer if residents do not comply with Covid-19 preventive measures and the community outbreak does not subside – until May 5. According

  • Gov't mulls extension of Phnom Penh, Takmao lockdown

    The Inter-ministerial National Commission for the Control and Enforcement of Lockdown held a video conference meeting on April 25 to review a draft document on the extension of lockdown in Phnom Penh and adjacent Kandal province’s Takmao town. The meeting was chaired by Minister of

  • SBI LY HOUR Bank Launches Cross Border Money Transfer Service between Cambodia and Vietnam on RippleNet, utilizing DLT

    SBI LY HOUR Bank Plc and Hanoi-based Tien Phong Commercial Joint Stock Bank (TPBank) on Friday launched the first Cambodia-Vietnam money transfer service in real currency via RippleNet, provided by SBI Ripple Asia Co Ltd to provide safe, fast and convenient services. SBI LY HOUR

  • Gov’t issues guidelines as lockdown nears end

    The government has issued a five-page set of instructions to be enforced when the three-week lockdown of Phnom Penh and adjacent Takmao town in Kandal province ends on May 6. According to an announcement signed by Prime Minister Hun Sen on May 4, the instructions cover a