Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Food prices hold steady in Q3 with inflation at 1.1pc

Food prices hold steady in Q3 with inflation at 1.1pc

Food prices hold steady in Q3 with inflation at 1.1pc

Shoppers buy food at Central Market in this file photo. Inflation on food prices remained low in the third quarter in sharp contrast to the large increases in July and August 2008.

Ministry of Commerce figures show inflation is under control, but analysts say rising prices will speed up through year-end.

FOOD prices remained fairly static in the third quarter, rising 1.1 percent compared with the previous three months, statistics released Wednesday by the Ministry of Commerce showed.

Following quarter-on-quarter deflation of close to 5 percent in the first three months of the year on a basket of 36 common household foodstuffs, and 1.7 percent inflation in the second quarter, the period from the end of June to the end of September saw a stabilisation in prices on items from maize to MSG.

The trend mirrors that shown by recent government consumer price index (CPI) data that suggest inflationary pressure has eased over the past three months: CPI rose 1.8 percent in June, slowing to 1.5 percent in July and 0.7 percent in August.

“With lower domestic demand and commodity prices, inflation pressures have eased in 2009,” the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said last week after concluding a mission to Cambodia.

The commodities that saw the highest price increases during the third quarter included garlic (138.1 percent), morning glory (60.4 percent) and imported Thai sugar (30.9 percent).

Meat in particular suffered deflating prices over the same period, figures showed – pork fell 9.7 percent, chicken was down 8.3 percent, and duck fell 5.4 percent.

Rice, the staple for many Cambodians, saw a 4.7 percent rise for the milled variety, while paddy fell in price compared with the end of the last quarter, down 1.9 percent.

“The increase is very small compared to previous years [during the third quarter],” said Yang Saing Koma, president of the Cambodian Centre for Study and Development in Agriculture.

Usually rice prices climb in the third quarter, he said, as supplies become scarcer ahead of the harvest season at the end of the year.

A good harvest is expected this year, the IMF said last week, meaning supply is unlikely to place too much inflationary pressure on food prices.

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) forecast in its October outlook for Cambodia a 20.3 percent decline in food prices this year compared with 2008.

“In line with global trends, food and fuel prices have fallen from their highs of mid-2008,” it said.

Oil price rises modest
Petrol increased 4 percent in the third quarter compared with the previous three months, from 3,800 riels (US$0.91) to 3,950 riels per litre, while diesel was up 4.6 percent rising from 3,300 riels to 3,450 riels per litre.

Over the same period, crude prices have fallen slightly on the international market – the source of all Cambodia’s oil products – from about $70 a barrel to just over $67 a barrel Wednesday in Singapore.

Cambodia’s inflation has cooled since the third quarter of last year, when it was running at a peak of more than 20 percent year on year following huge increases in food prices that led the government to express concern over food security in the Kingdom.

Following the onset of the economic crisis in Cambodia in the last quarter, prices then began to fall.

San Sy Than, director of the National Institute of Statistics, the organisation that compiles CPI data, told the Post Wednesday that inflation is likely to return in the coming months.

“In the last quarter of 2009, we expect it to be positive [year on year],” he said.


  • New US bill ‘is a violation of Cambodian independence’

    After a US congressmen introduced bipartisan legislation that will enact sanctions on Cambodian officials responsible for “undermining democracy” in the Kingdom, government officials and the ruling Cambodian People’s Party on Sunday said they regarded the potential action as the “violation of independence and sovereignty

  • Angkor Wat named as the top landmark for the second year

    Travel website TripAdvisor has named Cambodia’s ancient wonder Angkor Wat as the top landmark in the world for the second year running in their Travelers’ Choice Award 2018, an achievement Cambodian tourism operators expect will attract more tourists to the Kingdom. The website uses traveller

  • Ministry’s plan for net sparks fears

    The government has ordered all domestic and international internet traffic in the Kingdom to pass through a Data Management Centre (DMC) that has been newly created by the state-owned Telecom Cambodia, in a move some have claimed is an attempt to censor government critics. Spokesman

  • Hun Sen detractors ‘will die’

    Prime Minister Hun Sen on Wednesday said those who curse or insult him would eventually die without a plot of land to bury their bodies after being killed by lightning, suffering the same fate as those who recently died in Thmar Baing district in Koh