The improvement of global investment sentiment and financial conditions has provided a much-needed lift for local currency bond markets in emerging East Asia, including Vietnam, despite risks from the Covid-19 pandemic, the latest issue of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Asia Bond Monitor said.
Government bond yields in most emerging East Asian markets declined from June 15 to September 11 on the back of accommodative monetary policies and weakening growth across the region.
Meanwhile, improving sentiment has led to gains in equity markets and a narrowing of credit spreads, with most regional currencies strengthening against the dollar.
Local currency bonds outstanding in emerging East Asia reached $17.2 trillion at the end of June, up five per cent from March this year and 15.5 per cent higher than in June last year.
The report showed that Việt Nam’s local currency bond market decreased by 1.7 per cent at the end of June this year to reach $58.2 billion, after posting 10.4 per cent quarterly growth in the first quarter.
This is mainly due to lower outstanding debt in the government area, even as the corporate bond stock increased.
Vietnam’s government bond segment contracted 7.8 per cent quarter-on-quarter at the end of June to reach $50.1 billion, accounting for 86.2 per cent of the country’s total bond stock.
Corporate bonds, however, surged by 65.6 per cent in the second quarter compared to the first, reaching $8 billion.
On an annual basis, growth in corporate bonds stood at 76 per cent at the end of June this year.
ADB chief economist Yasuyuki Sawada said governments in the region have been agile in dealing with the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic through a wide range of policy responses, including monetary easing and fiscal stimulus.
He said: “It is crucial that governments and central banks maintain accommodative monetary policy stances and ensure sufficient liquidity to support financial stability and economic recovery.”
Emerging East Asia consists of China, Hong Kong of China, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
As a share of regional gross domestic product, emerging East Asia’s local currency bonds outstanding climbed to 91.6 per cent at the end of June, from 87.8 per cent in March, mainly due to the large amount of funding needed to fight the pandemic and its impact.
Bond issuance in the region hit $2 trillion in the second quarter, up by 21.3 per cent from the first quarter this year. China remained home to the region’s largest bond market, accounting for 76.6 per cent of the region’s total bond stock as of the end of June.
The region’s government bonds outstanding reached $10.5 trillion at the end of June and made up 60.8 per cent of the region’s aggregate bond stock. Corporate bonds, meanwhile, totalled $6.7 trillion.
The ADB said that a worsening and prolonged Covid-19 pandemic that could dent the region’s economic outlook. Developing Asia will contract by 0.7 per cent this year, its first contraction in six decades. Growth will rebound to 6.8 per cent in 2021.
Other risk factors include potential social unrest due to the pandemic’s economic impact, as well as continuing tensions between China and the US, ADB experts said.
VIET NAM NEWS/ASIA NEWS NETWORK