The Royal Government of Cambodia has made significant progress to strengthen legislative protection of children from violence, exploitation and abuse. Child protection is stated in different provisions of legislation counting from the constitution to both substantive laws and procedural laws that include the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code, the Civil Code and the Civil Procedure Code, the Law on Prevention of Domestic Violence and Protection of Victim, the Law on Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation, the Juvenile Justice Law, the Law on Inter-Country Adoption, etcetera.
Child protection is also seen partially stated in some provisions of administrative law, including regulation such as the Law on Labour, the Law on Education, the Law on Drug Control, the Prakas on Minimum Standard on Alternative Care for Children, and the Prakas on Procedures to Implement the Policy on Alternative Care. However, partial coverage of child protection issues in a variety of legislations poses a challenge in providing a holistic protection and creates gaps in implementation of existing legislations. In this context, the Cambodian National Council for Children (CNCC) developed a plan to draft a sub-decree on child protection. After a further consultation, the Council of Ministers advised that this sub-decree should be upgraded into a law for a greater effect. A comprehensive law would be useful for an enhanced child protection delivery.