Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Asean youths place soft skills over STEM



Asean youths place soft skills over STEM

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Students participate in STEM Day at Hanoi National University in May. Experts recommended Asean countries improve both soft skills and STEM skills to ride the emerging wave of technology and innovation. ANH TUAN/VNA/VNS

Asean youths place soft skills over STEM

Emerging technology and relentless changes in labour markets have forced young people in Southeast Asia to constantly upgrade their skills, research released yesterday by the World Economic Forum (WEF) and Singaporean-based internet company Sea has revealed.

The survey of some 56,000 respondents aged from 15 to 36 from six Asean countries – Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam – shows their awareness of potential disruptions and challenges the Fourth Industrial Revolution might pose to their future employment opportunities.

While only nine per cent of them think their current skills are already outdated, more than 52 per cent say they have to persistently upskill.

This mindset is also reflected in labour mobility with half of the respondents expressing their desire to work abroad.

The first reason for Asean youngsters to change jobs is to learn new skills while better pay is second.

Up to 81 per cent of Asean youths think hands-on experience during internships is as important as formal education.

Justin Wood, WEF Head of Asia Pacific, stressed the unpredictability of the job market under the pressure of technology and innovation.

“The only certainty is that job markets face accelerating disruption, where the lifespan of many skills is shortening. It is encouraging that Asean youths are aware of these challenges and show a deep commitment to lifelong, ongoing learning,” he said.

Soft skills put first

Asean youths tend to pay more attention to improving their soft skills, namely emotional intelligence, resilience and adaptability, rather than science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) skills.

Creativity and innovation are the most important skills, according to respondents, followed by the ability to speak multiple languages and apply technology.

They showed increasing interest in technology companies with seven per cent joining the technology sector today yet 16 per cent aiming to work in the sector in the future.

Explaining the trend, Santitarn Sathirathai, Sea Group Chief Economist, said technology is growing fast and setting high demands for people from different backgrounds.

He emphasised the significance of soft skills in ensuring young people’s resilience to constantly building their capabilities to keep up with a changing market, but also recommended governments keep investing in enhancing STEM skills among young people.

“It is not a race on who has higher technology, it is how you bring that technology, combining with online and offline communications to create a solution centred around customers. Technology you just simply brought from abroad will not work in this region. You have to understand the localisation,” he said.

Agreeing, Wood said the technology sector was more than writing code and developing apps.

“Asean has a very young population with 383 million people under 35, accounting for roughly 61 per cent. In order to build a bright future for young people, it is critical for governments and businesses to understand their views, their concerns, aspirations, priorities and so on,” said Wood.

Asean countries are being put on an entrepreneurial setting with 33 per cent of respondents desiring to be entrepreneurs or working for start-up companies in the future.

Meanwhile, traditional SMEs are less favoured with only eight per cent considering working for SMEs.

As Vietnam aims to have at least five start-up unicorns by 2025, Nguyen Manh Hung, Minister of Information and Communications, said it would be essential to integrate information and communication technology (ICT) into general education.

“Besides, we need to teach people how to adapt to changes of the labour market. It is not only technology training but also soft skills training as the Fourth Industrial Revolution is more likely the mindset revolution,” he said.

Responding to the need for a high-quality workforce to deal with fast-changing technology, WEF launched the Asean Digital Skills Vision 2020 programme last November to gather organisations to offer training courses for some 20 million workers at Asean SMEs by 2020, as well as internship and scholarship opportunities.

Sixteen organisations have joined the programme, including Vietnam’s largest information technology company FPT and tech unicorn VNG.

MOST VIEWED

  • Phnom Penh placed in two-week lockdown

    The government has decided to place Phnom Penh in lockdown for two weeks, effective April 14 midnight through April 28, as Cambodia continues to grapple with the ongoing community outbreak of Covid-19, which has seen no sign of subsiding. According to a directive signed by Prime Minister

  • Cambodia on the verge of national tragedy, WHO warns

    The World Health Organisation (WHO) in Cambodia warned that the country had reached another critical point amid a sudden, huge surge in community transmission cases and deaths. “We stand on the brink of a national tragedy because of Covid-19. Despite our best efforts, we are

  • Vaccination open to foreigners in Cambodia

    The Ministry of Health on April 8 issued an announcement on Covid-19 vaccination for foreigners residing and working in Cambodia, directing the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training and local authorities to register them. Health minister Mam Bun Heng, who is also head of the inter-ministerial

  • Culture ministry: Take Tuol Sleng photos down, or else

    The Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts has told Irish photographer Matt Loughrey to take down the photos of Khmer Rouge victims at Tuol Sleng Genocidal Museum which he allegedly colourised and altered to show them smiling. The ministry said Loughrey's work is unacceptable, affecting

  • Cambodia gears up for muted New Year festival

    The recent curfew and restrictions imposed in the capital and other Covid-19 hotspots were intended to break the chain of transmission, Ministry of Health spokeswoman Or Vandine said as municipal and provincial authorities issued new directives banning certain activities during the upcoming Khmer New Year

  • Covid-19 vaccination now obligatory

    Prime Minister Hun Sen on April 11 issued a sub-decree making Covid-19 vaccination compulsory for individuals unless they have a medical certificate proving they have pre-existing health conditions that prevent them from doing so. «This applies to all members of the armed forces and civil servants