Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Calls for Philippine drug war murders inquiry ‘erroneous’

Calls for Philippine drug war murders inquiry ‘erroneous’

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has repeatedly denied links to the killings. PHILIPPINES’ PRESIDENTIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS DIVISION/AFP

Calls for Philippine drug war murders inquiry ‘erroneous’

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte on June 15 slammed a call for a war crimes court to probe his bloody drug war as “legally erroneous and politically motivated”.

Duterte’s spokesman Harry Roque told a news briefing that the president’s crackdown on the narcotics trade was not a “widespread systematic attack against civilians”.

“Did you target civilians? Did you kill them willingly, knowing they were civilians? Obviously, the answer is no,” he said.

That being the case, he argued, the “extrajudicial killings” that resulted from the drug war could not be considered “crimes against humanity”.

In one of her last acts before stepping down as chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) this week, Fatou Bensouda sought a full investigation into Duterte’s purported crimes against humanity for a drug war that has left thousands dead since he took office in 2016.

“I have determined that there is a reasonable basis to believe that the crime against humanity of murder has been committed … in the context of the government of Philippines ‘war on drugs’ campaign,” she said in a statement.

In her 57-page report to ICC’s judges, Bensouda said “there is a reasonable basis to believe” that security forces and state-sanctioned “vigilantes” killed between 12,000 and 30,000 drug suspects from July 1, 2016 to March 16, 2019.

She said security officials “paid police officers and vigilantes bounties” to execute people suspected of being involved in the drug trade.

“State officials at the highest levels of government also spoke publicly and repeatedly in support of extrajudicial killings and created a culture of impunity for those who committed them,” she said.

She said the investigation should include allegations of torture and other “inhumane acts” dating back as far as 2011, when Duterte was mayor of Davao City.

Duterte was elected to office in 2016 on a campaign promise to get rid of the country’s drug problem, openly exhorting the police to kill drug suspects.

But he has repeatedly denied links to the killings, insisting that most resulted from rivalries among drug gangs.

He has also backed police accounts that most of those killed were on “drug watch lists” who had been armed and resisted arrest.

While Bensouda concluded that as many as 30,000 had been killed, the latest official data showed just 6,000 suspects had died in over 200,000 anti-drug operations.

The Philippines officially withdrew from the ICC in 2019 on Duterte’s order after multiple complaints were filed against him.

Bensouda, however, said previous cases showed that “the court retains jurisdiction over crimes that are alleged to have occurred on the territory of that state during the period when it was a state party” to the ICC.

But Roque insisted that the ICC lacked jurisdiction in the Philippines. “We are no longer a member of the ICC,” he said.

He added that the court could not intervene as long as the Philippines had “independent and competent courts” that were already investigating the killings.

Should the court decide to probe him for war crimes, Duterte would “never cooperate” as long as he is president, Roque added.

He said the ICC should also not allow itself to be used by Duterte’s political enemies harbouring ambitions for higher office.

He said among those who filed complaints before the ICC was former senator Antonio Trillanes, a former soldier and fierce critic of Duterte, who has announced his intention to run for president next year.

The ICC’s judges have up to four months to issue a decision on Bensouda’s request. But pursuing it would be up to Bensouda’s successor, Karim Khan, who was due to be sworn in on June 16.

In a statement, the Philippines’ foreign ministry said Bensouda’s “midnight announcement” tied Khan’s hands.

The ministry said Bensouda had “undercut the attractiveness” of joining the ICC for some nations.



  • Hun Sen: Full country reopening to be decided in two weeks

    Prime Minister Hun Sen has announced that if the Covid-19 situation remains stable for 15 consecutive days from the end of the October 5-7 Pchum Ben public holiday, Cambodia will reopen fully, albeit in the context of Covid-19 whereby people have to adjust their lives to

  • Cambodia sets new Covid-19 quarantine rules

    The government has modified Covid-19 quarantine requirements, shortening the duration for, among others, Cambodian officials, foreign diplomats and delegations, investors and inbound travellers in general. According to an official notice signed by Minister of Health Mam Bun Heng late on October 16, quarantine length for Cambodian

  • Will Evergrande change the way Chinese developers do business in Cambodia?

    China’s property sector policy has exposed the grim financial condition of real estate developers including those operating in Cambodia, which raises questions over the viability of their projects and business going forward The dark blue netting draping over one of Yuetai Group Co Ltd’

  • Phnom Penh governor: Show Covid-19 vaccination cards, or else

    Phnom Penh municipal governor Khuong Sreng late on October 5 issued a directive requiring all people aged 18 and over and the parents of children aged 6-17 to produce Covid-19 vaccination cards when entering schools, markets, malls, marts, eateries and other business establishments that have been permitted

  • Cambodia seeks probe into 'false reports' on Hun Sen's alleged Cypriot passport

    Minister of Justice Koeut Rith on September 6 wrote a letter to his Cypriot counterpart Stephie Dracos requesting cooperation in investigating and providing the truth in relation to the "exaggerative and false allegations" that Prime Minister Hun Sen holds a Cypriot passport. In his letter, the

  • 'Pandora Papers' expose leaders' offshore millions

    More than a dozen heads of state and government, from Jordan to Azerbaijan, Kenya and the Czech Republic, have used offshore tax havens to hide assets worth hundreds of millions of dollars, according to a far-reaching new investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (