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Coup amid presidential term limit dispute foiled, Haiti authorities say

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Protesters burn a US flag on Sunday in Port-au-Prince, Haiti to demand the resignation of president Jovenel Moïse, who seeks to extend his term of office until February next year, which according to the constitution ends this February 7. AFP

Coup amid presidential term limit dispute foiled, Haiti authorities say

Haitian authorities on February 7 said they had foiled an attempt to murder President Jovenel Moise and overthrow the government, as a dispute rages over when his term ends.

The plot was an “attempted coup d’etat”, according to justice minister Rockefeller Vincent, with authorities saying at least 23 people have been arrested, including a top judge and an official from the national police.

“I thank my head of security at the palace. The goal of these people was to make an attempt on my life,” Moise said.

“That plan was aborted,” he added, speaking on the tarmac at Port-au-Prince airport, accompanied by his wife and Prime Minister Joseph Jouthe.

Jouthe said plotters had contacted police officials at the presidential palace who were planning to arrest Moise and then help install a “transition” president.

Leon Charles, the director of Haiti’s national police force, said officers had seized documents, cash and several weapons, including assault rifles, an Uzi submachine gun, pistols and machetes.

Jouthe added that among the documents was a speech from the judge who had planned on becoming interim leader in a transition government.

But political opposition figures dismissed claims that a coup had been attempted.

Lawyer Andre Michel said: “You don’t carry out a coup with two pistols and three or four rifles.”

He added that Moise could not claim to have suffered a coup attempt because his presidential term had expired.

Moise has been governing without any checks on his power for the past year and says he remains president until February 7, 2022 – in an interpretation of the constitution rejected by the opposition, which has led protests asserting that his term ended on Sunday.

The US on February 5 accepted the president’s claim to power, with Department of State spokesman Ned Price saying Washington has urged “free and fair legislative elections so that parliament may resume its rightful role”.

The dispute over when the president’s term ends stems from Moise’s original election – he was voted into office in a poll subsequently cancelled on grounds of fraud, and then elected again a year later, in 2016.

After the latter disputed election, demonstrations demanding his resignation intensified in the summer of 2018.

Voting to elect deputies, senators, mayors and local officials should have been held in 2018, but the polls have been delayed, triggering the vacuum in which Moise says he is entitled to stay for another year.

In recent years, angry Haitians have demonstrated against what they call rampant government corruption and unchecked crime by gangs.

In a February 5 letter to the UN mission in Haiti, several human rights and women’s advocacy groups faulted it for providing technical and logistical support for Moise’s plans to hold a constitutional reform referendum in April followed by presidential and legislative elections.

The letter said the UN “must under no circumstances support President Jovenel Moise in his anti-democratic plans”.

Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince on February 7 saw sparse demonstrations and sporadic clashes with police.

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