Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Indonesian regulation expected to boost mangrove growth



Indonesian regulation expected to boost mangrove growth

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
A man teaches a child how to plant mangrove trees in Pekan Bada, Aceh on August 4, 2021. The pandemic has inspired many nations to double efforts to conserve nature. AFP

Indonesian regulation expected to boost mangrove growth

The government is set to issue a regulation that will facilitate a carbon offset mechanism in the forestry and other land-use sectors, in a move that is expected to speed up the country’s rehabilitation of degraded land ecosystems, including mangrove areas.

The regulation, which is set to be issued by the Environment and Forestry Ministry, will be issued as a derivative regulation of the recently signed carbon pricing rule that forms the basis of Indonesia’s carbon pricing scheme, said Peatland and Mangrove Restoration Agency (BRGM) head Hartono Prawiraatmadja.

“The ministerial regulation is designed as a legal basis for forest and land rehabilitation using the carbon pricing scheme,” Hartono said.

He added that setting the carbon price would be crucial to determine how much degraded forest area emitting corporations must restore as part of the carbon offset mechanism.

Hartono said the regulation was set to be issued in March, adding it was hoped the regulation would help accelerate the rehabilitation of degraded mangrove forests in the country.

Mangrove forests, which usually grow in intertidal areas in tropical and subtropical countries, play a vital role in providing a natural buffer against coastal erosion caused by the sea or winds.

Mangroves have also been identified as a key asset in the country’s efforts to achieve its emissions reduction target, as they can absorb more carbon from the atmosphere than they emit, a feature known as a carbon sink.

In its updated nationally determined contribution (NDC) document, Indonesia aims to reduce carbon emissions by 29 per cent independently and 41 per cent with international assistance. Indonesia aims to restore at least 600,000ha of degraded mangrove forests by 2024.

As part of efforts to accelerate the restoration, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo renewed the mandate of the Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) in December 2020 for four years and expanded its role to include mangrove restoration.

From the 2024 target, the government was expected to finance the restoration of up to 150,000ha of mangrove area, while about a third of the target, or 200,000ha, was expected to be financed through the carbon offset mechanism, said Hartono.

After it had to refocus its budget last year because of the pandemic, the agency was able to restore more than 34,000ha of damaged mangrove areas, which was lower than its initial target of 80,000ha.

Hartono said the agency aimed to restore around 200,000ha of degraded mangrove areas this year, which includes the 50,000ha target that was carried over from 2021.

According to the latest national mangrove map, Indonesia currently has 3.36 million hectares of mangrove forests, an increase from 3.31 million ha in 2019.

THE JAKARTA POST/ASIA NEWS NETWORK

MOST VIEWED

  • Ice cream, noodles flagged over carcinogen

    The General Department of Customs and Excise of Cambodia (GDCE) has identified three types of instant noodles and ice cream trademarks originating from Thailand, Vietnam and France that are suspected to contain ethylene oxide, which poses a cancer risk to consumers. The general department has

  • Angkor lifetime pass, special Siem Reap travel offers planned

    The Ministry of Tourism plans to introduce a convenient, single lifetime pass for foreign travellers to visit Angkor Archaeological Park and potentially other areas. The move is designed to stimulate tourism to the culturally rich province of Siem Reap as the start of the “Visit

  • Exclusive interview with Josep Borrell Fontelles, High Representative of the EU

    CAMBODIA is hosting the 55th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) and Related Meetings this week with top officials from the US, China, and Russia and other countries in the region slated to attend and to meet with face-to-face with their counterparts on the sidelines. In

  • Rise in Thai air routes to Siem Reap fuels travel hopes

    Local tourism industry players are eager for regional airline Bangkok Airways Pcl’s resumption of direct flight services between the Thai capital and Siem Reap town on August 1 – home of Cambodia’s awe-inspiring Angkor Archaeological Park – which is expected to boost the growth rate of

  • ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ meet commences, Taiwan issue possibly on table

    The 55th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) and related meetings hosted by Cambodia kicks off in Phnom Penh on August 3, with progress, challenges, and the way forward for the ASEAN Community-building on the table. Issues on Taiwan, sparked by the visit of US House Speaker

  • Recap of this year’s ASEAN FM meet and look ahead

    This year’s edition of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) hosted by Cambodia comes against the backdrop of heightened global tensions and increasing rivalry between major powers that have been compared to the animosity of the Cold War era. The following is The Post’