Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Women bear brunt of virus fallout at work



Women bear brunt of virus fallout at work

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Six-year-old Leo completes a homeschool activity as his mother Moira, an employee of a regional council, works from home in northern England. AFP

Women bear brunt of virus fallout at work

The reverberating economic shock of the coronavirus crisis has delivered a massive setback for women because so many work in the badly exposed services sector, experts say.

The nature of the outbreak means women are more likely than men to lose or quit their jobs in vulnerable low-paying workplaces like bars, conference venues, hairdressing salons, hotels, pubs and restaurants, which faced extensive shutdowns.

School closures during lockdown have exacerbated the situation because more women than men tend to care for and teach their children, even while working from home.

The services sector, covering areas like hospitality and leisure, has been ravaged by lockdowns imposed by governments across the world trying to halt the spread of the disease.

Loss of income

Cambridge University economics lecturer Christopher Rauh said: “In the UK and the US, women more likely to lose their jobs because they are more likely to work in services.

“When you lose your job you are not just losing income now – but also later on.”

As lockdowns ease and infection rates and deaths fall, the services sector is often the last to reopen because it tends to rely on large numbers of people in close contact.

In Britain, stay-at-home measures began to be relaxed earlier this month but pubs, bars and restaurants are expected to reopen only from July 4.

The phased reopening in England started with outdoor markets and car showrooms, and some younger children also returned to school.

However, not all primary school children will return before the lengthy summer break that starts in mid-July and runs until the start of September.

Within family units, mothers have been 1.5 times more likely than fathers to lose or quit their jobs since the crisis began, said think-tank the Institute of Fiscal Studies.

Women are also more likely than men to have been suspended, or temporarily paid by the UK government’s jobs retention scheme, it said.

Mothers traditionally assume a larger share of unpaid housework on top of their paid work.

Afraid to ask

Sarah, who works in London’s film industry, stays up every day until 1:00am to meet deadlines, long after her son and daughter have gone to bed.

“I did not dare ask my bosses for a special work arrangement – I did not want them to think I can’t manage,” she said.

Single parents face even greater demands with one fewer pair of hands.

“At the start of lockdown it was atrocious,” said a single mum working in the pharmaceutical sector in Paris who declined to give her name.

“I couldn’t organise myself properly, juggling video conferences, distance learning, cooking meals and doing housework . . . and wondering what time to stop work in the evening,” she said.

She described her working day as a “marathon” that left her exhausted.

“Among my single parent friends, it has been the mother who has taken care of children during lockdown. It feels like we are turning back the clock to 50 years ago,” she said.

The Financial Times also wondered whether the Covid-19 health emergency has set women back decades.

“Is the coronavirus crisis taking women back to the 1950s?” the daily business newspaper asked in a comment piece this month, citing unfair demands placed on female workers.

In contrast with the current health emergency, men were at the sharp end when the notorious 2008 global financial crisis sparked the previous global recession.

That badly hurt production sectors such as construction and manufacturing.

“During the 2008 recession . . . men were the first to be hit,” said C Nicole Mason, head of the US-based Institute for Women’s Policy Research think tank.

“This time around, because women are over-represented in the service sector, they will experience disproportionately higher unemployment and job loss compared to men.”

MOST VIEWED

  • All foreigners' accommodations to be inspected: Sar Kheng

    The Ministry of Interior is undertaking a serious effort to inspect all the accommodations of foreigners in Cambodia – except diplomats – in order to find and identify human traffickers. Minister Sar Kheng said this would include inspections on the homes of foreigners employed by businesses, private

  • Ice cream, noodles flagged over carcinogen

    The General Department of Customs and Excise of Cambodia (GDCE) has identified three types of instant noodles and ice cream trademarks originating from Thailand, Vietnam and France that are suspected to contain ethylene oxide, which poses a cancer risk to consumers. The general department has

  • Exclusive interview with Josep Borrell Fontelles, High Representative of the EU

    CAMBODIA is hosting the 55th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) and Related Meetings this week with top officials from the US, China, and Russia and other countries in the region slated to attend and to meet with face-to-face with their counterparts on the sidelines. In

  • Rise in Thai air routes to Siem Reap fuels travel hopes

    Local tourism industry players are eager for regional airline Bangkok Airways Pcl’s resumption of direct flight services between the Thai capital and Siem Reap town on August 1 – home of Cambodia’s awe-inspiring Angkor Archaeological Park – which is expected to boost the growth rate of

  • ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ meet commences, Taiwan issue possibly on table

    The 55th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) and related meetings hosted by Cambodia kicks off in Phnom Penh on August 3, with progress, challenges, and the way forward for the ASEAN Community-building on the table. Issues on Taiwan, sparked by the visit of US House Speaker

  • NBC eyes KHQR payments in Laos, Vietnam

    The National Bank of Cambodia (NBC) is working with Lao and Vietnamese authorities to expand the use of KHQR code cross-border payment systems to promote trade and investment as well as increase the scope of regional economic linkages, and in particular, facilitate remittances from overseas