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Biographies

Biographies

Pol Pot (Saloth Sar)

Believed born 1928, Kompong Thom. Brother No.1, presided over destruction of Cambodian

society. Condemned to death, with Ieng Sary, by Vietnamese-backed tribunal following

KR fall in 1979. Formerly married to the sister of Sary's wife. Announced to have

"retired", along with Nuon Chea and Ta Mok, in mid-80s. All three believed

to have in fact remained in control. Nothing heard from him during recent KR split;

Sary claims Pol Pot is still alive, rejecting June reports of his death.

Nuon Chea (Long Bunruot)

Born 1927, Battambang. Brother No.2 and right-hand man to Pol Pot. President of

Democratic Kampuchea assembly, and briefly Prime Minister. In charge of KR's political

wing for decades. Secretive; last known public speech was during Pol Pot regime.

Ta Mok (Ek Choeun)

Born Takeo. Possibly Brother No.3, dubbed the "Butcher of Cambodia".

General Chief of Staff of National Army of Democratic Kampuchea. Believed to have

commanded purges and massacres during Pol Pot regime. Believed in overall charge

of military wing of KR.

Son Sen

Born 1930, southern Vietnam. Khmer Krom. Commanded final KR assault on Phnom Penh

1975. Vice-PM and Defence Minister of Democratic Kampuchea. Allegedly responsible

for Toul Sleng torture center. KR representative on Supreme National Council (SNC)

under UN transitional authority, before KR withdrew from peace process. Believed

temporarily relieved of duties 1992 but reportedly reinstated after 'confessing'

his mistakes. Believed long-standing rivalry with Ta Mok, but reported by Sary to

be cooperating with KR hardliners during current crisis.

Ieng Sary (Kim Trang)

Born 1929, southern Vietnam. Khmer Krom. Special counsellor to Khieu Samphan before

rise of Pol Pot regime. Vice-Prime Minister and Foreign Minister under Pol Pot. Responsible

for liaison with Chinese over military assistance and economic aid during anti-Vietnam

resistance after fall of Pol Pot regime. Long-standing differences with other KR

leaders. Heading breakaway KR, accused by KR radio of embezzling party funds.

Khieu Samphan

Born 1931 in Svay Rieng. Former MP under Sihanouk government, later fled to join

resistence. Chief of State of Democratic Kampuchea regime. Responsible for liaison

with Sihanouk, under house arrest, during regime. Officially replaced Pol Pot as

Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea in exile late 1979; nominal leader of KR only.

KR diplomat/negotiator during peace process. KR representative on SNC.

Y Chhean

Believed chief of Phnom Penh security unit during Pol Pot regime, assigned to

Sary. A Sary protege. Commander of KR Division 415 in Pailin; effectively governor

of Pailin, in charge of political and economic matters. Involved with logging/gem

trade with Thais. One of leaders of current KR breakaway.

Sok Pheap

Commander of KR Division 450 under Ieng Sary, Phnom Malai. KR breakaway leader.

Has said the KR rebels are independent, but want to start political party.

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