Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Black market key to survival: witness

Black market key to survival: witness

Black market key to survival: witness

In this testimony at the Khmer Rouge tribunal yesterday, Hun Chhunly described how even in the hard-line, cashless Democratic Kampuchea regime, an informal brand of capitalism kept a brisk black market running for years after the Khmer Rouge takeover.

According to Chhunly, a former doctor who was pressed into service as a staffer in two Khmer Rouge hospitals, evacuees managed to survive by bartering with gold, sugar and rice while avoiding the watchful eye and frequent searches of their Khmer Rouge overseers.

“During the Khmer Rouge era, we had gold, and generally, the evacuees had to barter gold for sugar, rice or batteries,” he said, adding that he chose batteries, which he used to power a small radio he had disguised as part of his pillow.

“They were constantly searching for any possession, but the bartering process was still available at that time secretly.  I would risk my life if I had been discovered possessing the radio, or even reading books, but at that time I was starving for information.”

Chhunly concealed the fact that he read during his time at the hospital by dismantling his books as he read them.  

“For books, I read them at the military hospital, because at the military hospital I was given a private room where I could work alone,” he said, noting that one of his two books was Tom Sawyer, which he was able to read in English thanks, in part, to his surreptitious monitoring of Voice of America.  

“I had to remove the cover pages of the book I read,” Chhunly added.  

“And after reading a few pages, I would remove the pages I had read for rolling tobacco.  I would take the pages I read and offer them to someone to roll tobacco.”

The court also began to hear the testimony of former Khmer Rouge messenger Kham Phan, also known as Phan Van.

Prosecutor Vincent de Wilde was seeking to establish the existence of a firm chain of command leading from the uppermost Khmer Rouge leadership down through the various levels of administrative leaders, one of whom was Phan’s father.

According to Phan, his father and other cadres from Autonomous Sector 105 would be summoned to Phnom Penh, where they would receive instructions, then pass them down to district functionaries upon their return.  

However, Phan noted, sometimes when cadres travelled to Phnom Penh, they never returned. His testimony continues today.

To contact the reporter on this story: Stuart White at [email protected]

MOST VIEWED

  • Angkor Wat named as the top landmark for the second year

    Travel website TripAdvisor has named Cambodia’s ancient wonder Angkor Wat as the top landmark in the world for the second year running in their Travelers’ Choice Award 2018, an achievement Cambodian tourism operators expect will attract more tourists to the Kingdom. The website uses traveller

  • New US bill ‘is a violation of Cambodian independence’

    After a US congressmen introduced bipartisan legislation that will enact sanctions on Cambodian officials responsible for “undermining democracy” in the Kingdom, government officials and the ruling Cambodian People’s Party on Sunday said they regarded the potential action as the “violation of independence and sovereignty

  • Hun Sen detractors ‘will die’

    Prime Minister Hun Sen on Wednesday said those who curse or insult him would eventually die without a plot of land to bury their bodies after being killed by lightning, suffering the same fate as those who recently died in Thmar Baing district in Koh

  • Ministry’s plan for net sparks fears

    The government has ordered all domestic and international internet traffic in the Kingdom to pass through a Data Management Centre (DMC) that has been newly created by the state-owned Telecom Cambodia, in a move some have claimed is an attempt to censor government critics. Spokesman