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Disease Data

Disease Data

Most common communicable diseases:

Malaria, Diarrheal diseases, Dysentery, Tuberculosis, Typhoid, Tetanus, Measles,

Whooping cough, Dengue heamorragic fever (in children)

Most common illnesses:

Coughs and colds, Diarrheal diseases, Ear and eye infections, Dengue fever, Diarrheal

diseases, Fungal/skin infections, All water-born diseases, especially hepatitis A,

Sexually transmitted diseases

Recommended vaccines:

Gamma globulin or new hepatitis havrix (for hep. A), Typhoid, Tetanus, BCG (for

tuberculosis)

No vaccine can be 100 percent effective. The BCG vaccine is most effective in children

and medical opinion is divided over whether adults should have a booster shot.

Additional vaccines for those at special risk:

Rabies, Japanese B encephalitis, Hepatitis B, Meningitis

Rabies is considered a serious risk after reports that five percent of dogs in Bangkok

have the killer disease.

Japanese B Encephalitis is rare in Cambodia and most people who are infected are

without symptoms. In most cases a person does not become ill but when they do it

can be severe, leading to brain damage or even death. Those living in rural areas

are especially at risk.

Hepatitis B is blood-born and the vaccine is recommended for medical staff, homosexuals,

promiscuous people, intravenous drug users and long-term (several years) overseas

residents.

Condoms can reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of catching it sexually.

Meningitis innoculations are usually recommended only when there is an outbreak.

It needs treating quickly. It is not common in Cambodia but anyone with a stiff neck,

a rash and a fever should seek medical help immediately.

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