Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Divisions over map proposal

Divisions over map proposal

Prime Minister Hun Sen and his Vietnamese counterpart, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phúc, embrace before a meeting last week where they discussed border issues between the two countries. Photo supplied
Prime Minister Hun Sen and his Vietnamese counterpart, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phúc, embrace before a meeting last week where they discussed border issues between the two countries. Photo supplied

Divisions over map proposal

Opposition leader Sam Rainsy has said he believes Prime Minister Hun Sen’s recent push to convert the maps of Cambodia’s border with Vietnam to a scale of 1:50,000 and a UTM-style map projection would not require a constitutional amendment.

Rainsy this week said he supported Hun Sen’s push for France to help Cambodia and Vietnam convert the 1/100,000-scale Bonne-projection maps that the French drew, and on Tuesday night he argued on Radio Free Asia that the new maps would not violate a key article in the Constitution.

“The Constitution does not need to be amended to allow a UTM map with a scale of 1:50,000 to be used. It is only an additional tool to make the map more detailed and accurate. There is no change in the content of the map,” Rainsy said in the radio interview.

“Let me clarify: We would like France to help convert the scale, but not the system. We would like the scale of 1:100,000 to be converted to the scale of 1:50,000,” he said. “The latter version of the map has more detailed information which can make border demarcation work easier and more accurate.”

Article 2 of the Constitution says: “The territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Cambodia shall absolutely not be violated within its borders as defined by the 1/100,000 scale map made between the year 1933-1953 and internationally recognised between the years 1963-1969.”

The issue of the border has long been a tinderbox for the government, with Rainsy’s opposition in 2015 running a devastating campaign accusing the government of ceding territory to Vietnam by using maps other than the 1/100,000-scale Bonne maps. The premier’s recent proposal to redraw the maps still proved contentious yesterday, even within the opposition.

Thach Setha, a former senator and the most prominent opposition member who is Khmer Krom, a term for ethnic Khmers born in parts of Vietnam annexed from Cambodia, said he feared losing land with the projection being changed from the Bonne to UTM method and more detail being added.

“The Constitution limits it to the 1/100,000 scale. If we want to be correct, we have to draw it according to this scale,” Setha said, explaining that converting the maps from the Bonne projection to UTM would necessarily change the content of the maps.

Setha’s view was shared by former deputy prime minister Lu Lay Sreng – formerly a member of the royalist Funcinpec party who has since aligned himself with the CNRP – who said the use of 1/50,000-scale maps differing from the Bonne maps would be necessarily unconstitutional.

“We must amend the Constitution first,” Lay Sreng said, citing the second article. “Don’t let the prime minister do things contrary to the Constitution.” Meanwhile, deputy CNRP leader Kem Sokha’s top adviser, Muth Chantha, in a Facebook post on Sunday also appeared to question the political savvy of supporting different maps, saying another foe of Hun Sen had fallen by agreeing to CPP-backed border policies.

“Prince Norodom Ranariddh was strongly criticised as the person who gave life back to the 1985 border treaty because Funcinpec raised their hands to vote for the 2005 supplemental border treaty,” said Chantha, who was Ranariddh’s top adviser in the late 2000s.

“I don’t understand the border maps issue, but I love my country, and I still have the will to protect Cambodia’s sovereign territory according to the 1/100,000 maps.”

Chantha could not be reached for comment yesterday. Kem Monovithya, the eldest daughter of Kem Sokha and the CNRP’s deputy head of public affairs, declined to comment on the issue, and directed a reporter to the comments made by Setha.

Rainsy did not respond to a request for comment.

MOST VIEWED

  • Japan bank buys major stake in ANZ Royal Bank

    Japan's largest bank acquired more than half of ANZ’s shares in Cambodia on Thursday, according to a statement from Kith Meng’s Royal Group. Japan's JTrust Bank, announced that they had acquired a 55% of stake in ANZ Royal Bank. According to a Royal Group

  • Proof giants walked among us humans?

    For years a debate has waged about whether certain bas relief carvings at the 12th-century To Prohm Temple, one of the most popular attractions at the Angkor Wat Temple Complex in Siem Reap province, depicted dinosaurs or some rather less exotic and more contemporary animal,

  • Long way to go before Cambodia gets a ‘smart city’

    Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Battambang will struggle to attain smart city status without adopting far reaching master plans, according to officials tasked with implementing the program. The brainchild of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), the smart city program seeks to link up

  • Endangered animals found dead in Pailin

    An endangered gaur was one of “many” wild animals found dead in “dozens” of illegal traps in Pailin province’s Phnom Khieu Wildlife Sanctuary, said Chit Thy, a military officer working with rangers to protect the conservation area, on Wednesday. Thy, an officer in the 507