The National Election Committee (NEC) is unlikely to meet its July 21 deadline for
commencing voter registration, raising fears among election monitoring organizations
that voter registration will be rushed and susceptible to errors and abuse.
With less than a month until its self-imposed deadline to begin registration, the
NEC has yet to start the process for making crucial appointments to the Registration
Station Commissions (RSC) or even place orders for the materials and equipment required.
"A rushed exercise will naturally have a greater margin of error," Panha
Koul of the election monitoring NGO Comfrel said.
Comfrel and Cambodia's other election monitoring organizations, Nicfec and Coffel,
had raised the issue with the NEC, which had blamed the problem on a delay in promised
donor funding, Panha said.
An estimated 800,000 new voters are expected to exercise their franchise for the
first time in the Feb 2002 commune elections, while hundreds of thousands of others
have migrated to different constituencies since the 1998 national elections. The
names of these migrants must be deleted from one electoral roll and re-registered
The NEC has to appoint 12,900 RSC officials - six in each of the Kingdom's 2,150
voter registration offices - to handle the registration process of 6.2 million eligible
voters. The NEC must also place import orders for equipment such as Polariod cameras,
kit boxes, and plastic pouches.
The NEC aknowledges it must immediately begin the process of hiring and training
RSC officers to properly prepare them.
NEC vice-president Kassie Neou said the delays were beyond the NEC's control.
"The registration materials like lamination pouches are imported from [the]
UK, for which we need to make 50% down payment while placing the order," Neou
said. "Without any funds, we can't go ahead with the huge process of selecting
12,900 [RSC officers who will] also need to be paid salaries once they are appointed."
Australia, Germany, and UNDP have made concrete pledges of financial support for
the commune elections, but their contributions are likely to be spent on voter education
While donors recognized the necessity of funding for the commune elections during
the June 11-13 CG meeting in Tokyo, the amount and date of disbursement has yet to
Koul and Nicfec's Hang Puthea said the delay complicated their voter education programmes,
which were closely linked to the electoral calendar.
"A long delay in any one process ... could affect the entire [electoral] schedule],"