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Prostitution gets Government okay

Prostitution gets Government okay

THE Cambodian Government is preparing to decriminalize and regulate prostitution

as part of a package of legal measures designed to address the problem of sexual

trafficking of women and children.

The measures, devised jointly by the Ministry of Women's and Veterans' Affairs and

the Ministry of Justice, will be tabled at a special interministerial meeting on

December 15, then passed to Prime Minister Hun Sen for approval by the end of the

year.

"Our purpose is to propose guidelines to control brothels and in terms of [creating

conditions of] safety and protection for children and women who are being forced

into prostitution," said the Minister of Women's and Veterans' Affairs, Mu Sochua.

Sochua described the proposed decriminalization of prostitution as a long-overdue

measure needed to both address the current "legal gray area" of prostitution

in Cambodian law as well as to target sexual traffickers, not Cambodia's population

of voluntary, adult sex workers.

While Article 46 of the Cambodian Constitution prohibits "exploitation by prostitution",

the actual legal status of prostitution itself is not defined.

"Some women choose [prostitution] as a way out of economic crisis and a way

to make money, and these women need rights and legal protection," Sochua said.

"The [proposed] law targets [traffickers of women and children] and makes them

criminals. It doesn't target those who choose [prostitution] as a way of making a

living."

Chea Vannath, Executive Director of the Center for Social Development, which in 1999

sponsored public forums in Battambang, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville on legalizing

prostitution, called the initiative "a step forward".

"It doesn't mean an end to problem [of sexual trafficking] because of globalization

and [international] mafia coming into Cambodia, but this strategy will help,"

Vannath said.

The new legal measures will be introduced in a pilot project in Phnom Penh focusing

on brothels and karaoke clubs.

"We propose to work with [brothel] owners," she said. "If they are

found to use children, torture or physical abuse [against sex workers], we will warn

them, give them time to improve or they'll face closure.

"These measures are in no way to promote prostitution ... But I don't see how

we can preach to women who do this work, and we can't allow those people who exploit

them to continue to do so."

Sochua stressed that the success of the proposed measures hinges on "collaboration

and support of NGOs" as well as an extensive public education program.

"[Decriminalization of prostitution] will be difficult to explain to Cambodians,"

she said. "Public prejudice toward those who choose to do that kind of work

is too strong.

"The package also includes a very strong campaign to educate those in the countryside

who are being duped into giving their children to [traffickers]."

The proposed measures were applauded by Chanthol Oung, Executive Director of the

Cambodian Women's Crisis Center.

"It's a very, very hard question, but for me decriminalization [of prostitution]

is the best way to protect women," she said. "Prostitutes need protection

and support [because] they're victims. We need to criminalize the traffickers."

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