Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Research reveals Kingdom’s total 290 mosquito species

Research reveals Kingdom’s total 290 mosquito species

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Among the 290 species, 49 are newly listed and have populations that are expected to increase in the future. ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY

Research reveals Kingdom’s total 290 mosquito species

The Ministry of Environment has released additional research on mosquitoes in Cambodia revealing that 290 species have been discovered in the Kingdom as of 2020, building on a study by a researcher at the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (IPC).

Maquart Pierre-Olivier, a researcher at the IPC’s Medical and Veterinary Entomology Unit, published a paper entitled “Checklist of the mosquito fauna (Diptera, Culicidae) of Cambodia” in August last year. Expanding on his findings, the ministry identified that among the 290 species, 49 are newly listed and have populations that are expected to increase in the future, while 43 are identified as vectors of pathogens.

The paper noted that the influence of climate change will soon affect the distribution of mosquitoes in Cambodia and might cause some species of mosquitoes to flouish in areas where they were previously absent.

It said that deforestation might also cause mosquitoes to become vectors of human-transmissible viruses, as well as new viruses that become a “cradle” for new infectious diseases.

“This perspective stresses the essential role of closely monitoring mosquito diversity and the viruses they can carry, in order to defuse any potential threats as much as possible before they appear,” it said.

The paper noted that other mosquito species were said to also exist in remote or rural areas in the country outside the scope of the study.

Three genera – or subdivisions – of mosquitoes are more active in disease transmission: Aedes, which is a vector of dengue fever; Chikungunya, Zika, and Anopheles, which are vectors of human malaria, and Culex, which serves as a vector of Yellow fever and Japanese Encephalitis.

These genera are also known to transmit Elephantiasis, a serious condition characterised by the enlargement of parts of the body, particularly the limbs.

More than 17 per cent of total communicable diseases are caused by insects and kill approximately one million people annually.

Insects – and correspondingly, their pathogens – have been introduced in every corner of the world by means of human activities such as transportation and tourism, among others.

The dengue fever caused by the Aedes aegypti species has been the most notable disease in Cambodia ever since a national pandemic in 1995 killed over 400 people.


  • Hong Kong firm done buying Coke Cambodia

    Swire Coca-Cola Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hong Kong-listed Swire Pacific Ltd, on November 25 announced that it had completed the acquisition of The Coca-Cola Co’s bottling business in Cambodia, as part of its ambitions to expand into the Southeast Asian market. Swire Coca-Cola affirmed

  • Cambodia's Bokator now officially in World Heritage List

    UNESCO has officially inscribed Cambodia’s “Kun Lbokator”, commonly known as Bokator, on the World Heritage List, according to Minister of Culture and Fine Arts Phoeurng Sackona in her brief report to Prime Minister Hun Sen on the night of November 29. Her report, which was

  • NagaWorld union leader arrested at airport after Australia trip

    Chhim Sithar, head of the Labour Rights Supported Union of Khmer Employees at NagaWorld integrated casino resort, was arrested on November 26 at Phnom Penh International Airport and placed in pre-trial detention after returning from a 12-day trip to Australia. Phnom Penh Municipal Court Investigating Judge

  • Kingdom’s rice crowned world’s No1

    Cambodia’s Phka Rumduol jasmine variety has been crowned the World’s Best Rice for the fifth time at the TRT (The Rice Trader) World Rice Conference in Phuket, Thailand on November 17, according to leaders of the Kingdom’s apex rice industry body. Phka Rumduol

  • Ministry to 'seek justice' for officials indicted in US for 'monkey smuggling'

    The Cambodian government and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries said they will make the “utmost effort” to seek justice for a Cambodian official arrested in John F Kennedy International Airport in New York for allegedly conspiring to smuggle crab-eating macaque monkeys (Macaca fascicularis)

  • Takeo hand-woven silk items provide local high-quality alternative to imports

    After graduating from university and beginning her career as a civil servant at the the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Khieu Sina found time to establish a business that aligns with her true passion – quality hand-woven Khmer goods. Her product line, known as Banteay Srei,