Minister of Interior Sar Kheng has ordered commune officials to use next year’s increased annual budget of more than $100,000 “effectively, transparently and responsibly”, with local-level expenditure set to more than double from $50,000 a year.
The increase will remain in place for three years until it rises to nearly $200,000 in 2023, he said.
Sar Kheng, who is also deputy prime minister, told a meeting attended by some 300 Phnom Penh and provincial commune council chiefs in the capital on Wednesday that their good governance had resulted in the budget increases.
He congratulated the commune and district administrations on behalf of the Ministry of Interior and the National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD) for giving the government confidence in their leadership.
“The commune leadership has provided services and local development to respond to the pressing needs of their constituents and address their problems. This is why the government has decided to increase the budget for commune administrations.
“Each commune will receive more than $100,000 a year for development and overall administrative expenditure from the start of next year. In 2023, the budget will increase to nearly $200,000,” Sar Kheng said in his closing remarks.
He urged commune officials to continue retaining the confidence of both the people and the government.
“Commune officials must focus on managing and using the budget more accountably, effectively, transparently and responsibly in line with set principles and procedures.
“If spending is ineffective and has no transparency or accountability, it will make the government, ministries, institutions and citizens lose faith in commune officials.
“They have said that the government did not give them enough money – but now we have given them a lot more. So we must now endeavour together to see that the money is used most effectively. This means it must be used transparently and with accountability,” Sar Kheng said.
He also urged officials at the relevant ministries and institutions in the capital and provinces to remain professional as moves to give greater power to local government continued.
“The national level is still responsible to the government and the National Assembly. With greater responsibility given to local administrations, officials can’t think they are free of responsibility.
“Thinking like this is not correct. It means they only want to embrace power to spend money. It is a wrong viewpoint that we can’t accept because we must share results,” Sar Kheng stressed.
The Minister of Interior then took the opportunity to again warn high-ranking officials who were yet to express their support for the transferring of power.
“The process of decentralisation is to improve the democratisation process by giving the sub-national level greater authority and responsibility economically and socially, as well as politically. Some [high-ranking officials] are against such moves because they want to keep power and resources,” he said.
Former Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) senior official Ou Chanrath said he welcomed the government’s increase to the commune budget, saying the move would support local-level development.
“This is a good step because it will improve efficiency and cut down expenses. With the budget going directly to the local level, it will also strengthen commune development,” Chanrath said.
Cooperation Committee for Cambodia (CCC) executive director Soeung Saroeun also said the sub-national administration budget increase would develop and further support local government.
Local authorities should hold discussions with their constituents and relevant civil society organisations to ensure the budget is used effectively and transparently, he said.
“We applaud the increased budget and the progress made in transferring greater responsibility to the commune level. However, we want transparent and accountable use of the budget, with the people and civil society organisations participating to decide how it is used,” Saroeun said.