Many segments of Vietnam’s real estate market are soon expected to benefit from the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA), which takes effect in August.
Property consultancy CBRE Vietnam said the trade deal would boost the country’s exports, and the concomitant changes will have a significant impact on segments like offices and housing for rent, serviced apartments and, especially, industrial properties.
It said the deal would help Vietnam attract plenty of new foreign investment since investors always seek preferential policies like the ones the EVFTA would offer.
The trade agreement is set to eliminate virtually all tariffs over the course of a decade.
The European Parliament website said this should result in €15 billion ($16.9 billion) in annual additional exports from Vietnam to the EU by 2035.
The transparency that is mandatory for a country when joining free trade agreements (FTAs) like the EVFTA will improve Vietnam’s business environment, helping reduce foreign investors’ concerns.
CBRE Vietnam industrial and logistics services director Le Trong Hieu said the country’s success in controlling the Covid-19 outbreak would cause many foreign companies to shift their manufacturing bases there from China.
Experts said all these factors are set to benefit the industrial property segment, including land and ready-built factories.
Industrial parks and clusters located near ports are expected to be the most attractive targets for new investors.
Provinces like Vinh Phuc, Hung Yen and Hai Duong in the north, and Long An and Ba Ria-Vung Tau in the south are likely to be the hotspots.
An expert in industrial real estate said many foreign investors have high expectations that the EVFTA would enable them to increase investments in Vietnam with many big projects.
But the industrial real estate market would not really benefit from the EVFTA until the middle of next year when demand starts to come through.
While many experts believe the EVFTA will come as a boost to the industrial real estate market, others have reservations, including about the fact that foreign direct investment is moving out of China because of the Covid pandemic.
They said this is because the industrial property sector in Vietnam still has many shortcomings related to transport infrastructure, storage and industrial supply chains.
Many experts said the housing and office for rent segments would also become vibrant thanks to the increase in foreign investment, which would bring along with it a number of experts, traders and workers to Vietnam and improve demand.
Nevertheless, they warned that Vietnam, especially its industrial property developers, should make careful preparations to grasp the opportunities arising from FTAs and switch by foreign investors from other countries.
They should have enough land not only for setting up factories, workshops and warehouses but also for housing for workers, they said.
While the industrial real estate sector is expected to develop strongly thanks to the arrival of more foreign investors who want to take advantage of FTAs and the move by foreign companies from China due to the escalating Sino-US trade war and the pandemic, there is also a danger of oversupply without proper planning, they said.
By March, Vietnam had 335 industrial parks with a combined area of 97,800ha of natural lands, including 66,100ha for industrial production, a report by the Ministry of Planning and Investment’s economic zones management department said. The occupation rate was 75.7 per cent.
There were 17 coastal economic zones with 845,000ha of both land and water.
Industrial real estate boom
Experts said Vietnam could become a new factory of the world especially as multinational corporations strengthen diversification of their investment destinations by repositioning production facilities after the Covid-19 pandemic.
It is this that has made Vietnam’s industrial real estate market very vibrant, as indicated by the reports of many real estate agencies on existing and new customers’ increasing demand for rental land, ready-built factories and warehouses since the beginning of this year.
This robust growth has attracted many local enterprises who want to invest in this business.
Tan Thanh Long An Investment JSC and the Vietnam Creative Industrial Park Management Co based in the southern Long An province have recently started construction of the Viet Phat Industrial Park on an area of 1,800ha.
Not far away from there, the 195ha Duc Hoa III-SLICO Industrial Park has just been built.
The developer of the park said it has been designated to serve supporting and processing industries.
Long An borders Prey Veng province’s Kampong Trabek district and Svay Rieng province’s Svay Chrum, Kampong Ro and Chantrea districts and Bavet town in Cambodia.
In Binh Dinh province, construction of the Becamex Binh Dinh Industry Park was approved early this year at a cost of 3.3 trillion dong ($140 million) and on an area of 1,000ha. The park will be used for industrial production and services.
The Dau Tu (Investment) newspaper reported that Vingroup JSC, through its subsidiary Vinhome JSC, plans to enter the industrial properties segment, developing properties in industrial parks in Hai Phong city and Hai Duong and Quang Ninh provinces.
Dong Nai Rubber Corp has petitioned the Dong Nai People’s Committee to allow it to change land use rights for 18,000ha out of a total of 37,000ha it manages for the construction of industrial clusters and parks.
But this kind of enormous development of industrial properties can easily result in an oversupply crisis, especially when the world economy has yet to show signs of stability, likely causing difficulties for the relocation of foreign companies even when they really want.
Developers of industrial real estate also need to focus on the development of transport and logistics infrastructure, housing and social requirements like kindergartens and entertainment centres for workers rather than just factories and warehouses if they want to attract foreign companies.
VIET NAM NEWS/ASIA NEWS NETWORK