Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Tragic ‘spy’ who began China’s Olympic table tennis path to victory



Tragic ‘spy’ who began China’s Olympic table tennis path to victory

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
The statue of the late Chinese table tennis champion Rong Guotuan at the China Table Tennis Museum in Shanghai on August 28, 2019. When China begin their quest to extend their Olympic table tennis domination at the Tokyo Games, they will be following a path forged by tragic trailblazer Rong Guotuan. AFP

Tragic ‘spy’ who began China’s Olympic table tennis path to victory

When China begin their quest to extend their Olympic table tennis domination at the Tokyo Games, they will be following a path forged by tragic trailblazer Rong Guotuan.

In 1959, Rong became China’s first world champion in any sport when he won the men’s table tennis title, before committing suicide in his early 30s during the country’s chaotic Cultural Revolution.

More than half-a-century later, Rong remains an inspiration to millions of casual players in China and to the all-powerful national team as they head to the Tokyo Games this month.

“His victory was a national sensation and greatly lifted the national spirit,” Ma Long, the triple Olympic gold medallist, told state media of Rong’s breakthrough title at the 1959 world table tennis championships in Germany.

“When I was a child, I heard the story of Rong Guotuan’s battle.

“My heart was surging and it inspired me to fight for victory without fear of strong players.”

The 32-year-old Ma was speaking just ahead of the Tokyo Games, which were postponed by a year because of the coronavirus but will finally begin on July 23.

Ma is captain of China’s table tennis team, who won all four gold medals at the Rio 2016 Olympics and are gunning for another clean sweep in the Japanese capital.

Since table tennis became an Olympic sport in 1988, China have won 28 of the 32 gold medals.

Rong’s success set the stage for their domination and he has been credited with sparking China’s enthusiasm for the sport.

Tortured hero

At a park in Beijing, where pensioners and others play outdoors throughout the year – even in freezing winter temperatures – those alive at the time still remember Rong’s landmark victory.

“Almost all the Chinese started to play ping-pong since then,” said Ren Qian, who is in his 70s and practises with his wife at the park every day for an hour.

Rong, who was born in Hong Kong in 1937, might have been a world champion but that did not save him from the tumult and violence of Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution of 1966-76.

Rong, who had also coached China’s women’s team to success, was “framed as a suspected spy” and detained, say modern-day Chinese state media.

The exact circumstances of his downfall remain a mystery, as with many victims of a period when false or trumped-up accusations were levelled against countless people.

According to several books on the subject, he was tortured by Mao’s Red Guards.

Chinese media are coy about his death in 1968, but Rong is widely believed to have hanged himself from a tree, less than a decade after putting China on the sporting map. Some think he may have been murdered.

Whatever the truth, Bai Guosheng was a student at a sports institute in the northeastern city of Tianjin in the early 1980s and remembers how teachers sat them down to watch video clips of Rong’s victory.

“Afterwards, I felt that everyone was very moved,” said Bai, now 59 and curator of Tianjin Sports Museum.

“Everybody was amazed that he could play so beautifully and tenaciously.”

Bai says that Rong’s victory was hugely significant not just because it was the start of what would eventually be a Chinese table tennis dynasty, but because of where the country was in 1959.

Communist China, under leader Mao, was only founded a decade earlier and would suffer a devastating famine.

“China did not compete in many sports competitions and it was a young country,” said Bai.

“Rong’s title win boosted the confidence of all Chinese people and drove the development of table tennis in China.

“At that time there was an urgent need for such a star to stand up.”

MOST VIEWED

  • Prince Norodom Ranariddh passes away at 77

    Prince Norodom Ranariddh, the second son of the late King Father Norodom Sihanouk and former First Prime Minister of Cambodia, has passed away in France at the age of 77. “Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh has passed away this morning in France just after 9am Paris-time,”

  • General’s gun smuggling ring busted

    The Military Police sent six military officers to court on November 22 to face prosecution for possession of 105 illegal rifles and arms smuggling, while investigators say they are still hunting down additional accomplices. Sao Sokha, deputy commander of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces and commander of

  • Cambodia, Thailand to discuss border reopening

    Cambodian authorities from provinces along the Cambodia-Thailand border will meet with Thai counterparts to discuss reopening border checkpoints to facilitate travel, transfer of products and cross-border trade between the two countries. Banteay Meanchey provincial deputy governor Ly Sary said on November 22 that the provincial administration

  • More Cambodians studying in US

    The number of Cambodian students studying at US colleges and universities in 2020-21 increased by 14.3 per cent over the previous year despite the Covid-19 pandemic, according to a recent US government report. The 2021 Open Doors report on International Educational Exchange showed that 848 Cambodian students studied

  • Rise in planned flights lifts travel hopes

    Six airlines have applied to resume flights in December, while two others have put in for additional flights and routes, according to State Secretariat of Civil Aviation (SSCA) head Mao Havannall on November 29. These account for 43 new weekly domestic and international flights in December, up 16

  • PM: Do not defile Tonle Sap swamp forest or else

    Prime Minister Hun Sen ordered police to arrest anyone – including government officials – involved with the deforestation of the flooded forests surrounding the Tonle Sap Lake because it is an area important to the spawning of many species of fish, among other reasons. Speaking in a