Samsung on November 23 said it will build a microchip factory in the US state of Texas, a $17 billion investment that comes as semiconductor shortages are causing supply chain delays across many industries.

“Welcome to Texas, Samsung!’ tweeted Texas’ Republican governor Greg Abbott, who called the planned factory “the largest foreign direct investment in Texas EVER”.

The new plant, which is supposed to be operational by the end of 2024, is expected to create more than 2,000 skilled jobs and “lay the groundwork for another important chapter in our future”, said Kinam Kim, CEO of the South Korean giant’s electronics division.

The chips manufactured on the site will have applications in mobile technologies, 5G or even artificial intelligence, the group said. The plant will be built in the town of Taylor, near the capital Austin.

The news was welcomed by the administration of President Joe Biden, whose economics and security advisers Brian Deese and Jake Sullivan said in a statement that the plant would go a long way to “helping protect our supply chains, revitalising our manufacturing base, and creating good jobs right here at home”.

Samsung, the world’s biggest memory chipmaker, has aggressively stepped up its investment in its semiconductor business as the world battles shortages of chips that have hit everything from cars and home appliances to smartphones and gaming consoles.

Samsung joins its rivals Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (TSMC) and Intel of the US in expanding chip manufacturing capacity in the US, which sees the sector as an area of strategic competition with China. TMSC and Intel are building such plants in Arizona state.

The two presidential advisers stressed that November 23’s announcement was in large part the result of discussions between the heads of state of the two countries.

Samsung, which has been operating in the US for 25 years, had filed documents for the project with Texas last January.

The Texas plant announcement came as Lee Jae-yong, the de facto leader of the wider Samsung conglomerate, visited the US, looking to further boost its footprint in the world’s biggest economy.

Samsung has enjoyed soaring profits in recent quarters on the back of strong pandemic-driven demand for electronics and chips.

Since coming to power, Biden has tried to rally industry around the need to produce vital components in the US.

A number of firms have announced new plants in recent months. TSMC announced it would build a plant in Japan in partnership with Sony. China’s biggest chipmaker said in September that it would build a new factory in Shanghai.

US semiconductor giant Intel announced this year that it will invest $20 billion in two new plants in Arizona and that it plans to allocate between €20 and 80 billion ($22.4 and $89.7 billion) to manufacture microchips in Europe over the next 10 years.