Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Firm poised to be first licensed derivatives broker

Firm poised to be first licensed derivatives broker

A man drives past the offices of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Cambodia (SECC) in Phnom Penh in 2014.
A man drives past the offices of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Cambodia (SECC) in Phnom Penh in 2014. Hong Menea

Firm poised to be first licensed derivatives broker

Six months since Cambodia’s market regulator officially launched derivatives trading in Cambodia, Phnom Penh Securities Plc is poised to become the first local securities firm to legally trade the complex and little-understood financial instrument.

The company said yesterday that it received two letters of approval from the Securities and Exchange Commission of Cambodia (SECC) last Friday – one aimed at forming a central counterparty licence, which acts as a clearing house for derivative trading, and the other to expand its existing brokerage activities to include derivatives.

The approvals come after the SECC launched derivatives trading in November based on rules defined in a prakas issued last July and aimed at reigning in unregulated and illegal trading of the inherently risky financial instrument.

Ong Sopheak, senior officer for Phnom Penh Securities, said the move will help build investor confidence in trading derivatives under the umbrella of a licensed brokerage firm.

“Derivatives trading is not new to Cambodia – it has been happening for at least five years – but most of the firms operating are unlicensed,” she said. “A lot of companies have built a bad reputation for the derivatives market, and a licensed brokerage firm can mitigate risk.”

Derivatives are financial contracts between two parties based on the future price fluctuations of an underlying asset, such as a commodity, currency or stock. The financial tool offers investors a chance to speculate on the asset’s price movements, or protect their investment against unwanted risk.

Phnom Penh Securities said it initially traded derivatives tied to foreign currencies, as gold and silver prices in overseas commodity markets.

After two months of operations, the company hopes to guide investors into global stock markets by establishing financial derivatives, such as a contract for difference (CFD). The company will also expand into global commodities, such as oil futures.

Regarding plans for foreign currency (forex) derivatives, Sopheak said Phnom Penh Securities will charge $30 per lot, with one lot equalling 100,000 units of currency, while charging a minimum of $10 on smaller quantities. Prices will be based on the respective currency markets for the US and Australian dollar, as well as the euro, Japanese yen and Chinese yuan.

Alex Yong, vice general manager of Phnom Penh Securities, said forex derivatives will give investors a chance to profit from volatile foreign exchange rates.

“With forex trading, investors can make money on a currency when it either goes up or down, and by knowing the right time when to buy and sell,” he said.

As for risk control, he said investors can put in place maximum earnings and loss thresholds that will stop trading once reached, providing safeguards in a volatile fast-paced financial platform.

According to SECC regulations on derivatives trading released last November, the minimum capital requirement for a central counterparty is $5 million, and $250,000 for a brokerage firm. Both entities are required to have a security bond equivalent to 15 per cent of their capital.

While Phnom Penh Securities, which claims to have $15 million in capital, said it was ready to begin derivatives trading immediately, an SECC official said that the securities firm still needs to fulfil its capital requirements.

Sok Dara, deputy director-general at the SECC, said the two letters it sent to the company cleared the way for it to trade derivatives, but it must put up a security bond before receiving the actual licence.

“They have approval in principle, but they must first meet the minimum requirements before they can operate,” he said. “I am not sure when they will begin trading, but we have given them some time before they receive an official licence.”

MOST VIEWED

  • All inbound flights set to face added scrutiny

    Ministry of Health spokesperson Or Vandine said on Monday that the ministry is monitoring all inbound flights, after it was announced that only those from Malaysia and Indonesia will be temporarily cancelled from August 1. Vandine said on Monday that the two countries were identified as

  • Flights from Indonesia, Malaysia cancelled

    A Ministry of Health official has warned of the possibility of Covid-19 spreading through community transmission after the total infected cases in the Kingdom rose to 225. Ministry spokeswoman Or Vandine told reporters on Saturday that the possibility of community transmission cannot be overlooked and that

  • Man in quarantine dies of ‘overdose’

    The Ministry of Health on Thursday said a Cambodian migrant worker who died while being isolated at a quarantine centre in Tbong Khmum province’s Kroch Chhmar district may have died from syncope or overdose of tablets. In a statement, the ministry said the 21-year-old

  • Ministry set to reopen 20 schools in August

    The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport will allow 20 high-safety-standards schools to reopen next month despite new cases of Covid-19 in the country. Ministry spokesperson Ros Soveacha wrote in a Telegram message on Wednesday that the schools are in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Battambang.