Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Mercedes, grey market face off

Mercedes, grey market face off

James Zemke, director general of Star Auto Cambodia, speaks to The Post at his office last week in Phnom Penh.
James Zemke, director general of Star Auto Cambodia, speaks to The Post at his office last week in Phnom Penh. Pha Lina

Mercedes, grey market face off

Few automotive brands carry as much iconic imagery as Mercedes-Benz, the high-end German luxury car brand. The Post’s Cheng Sokhorng sat down with James Zemke, director general of Star Auto (Cambodia) Co Ltd, the Kingdom’s sole licensed dealer of Mercedes, to discuss the brand’s vehicle sales and struggles against grey market imports.

What is the history of Mercedes-Benz in Cambodia?
We know that Mercedes-Benz has been in Cambodia since the 1960s, because we have a photograph of King Sihanouk driving one, and the cars were also used by high-ranking officials and foreign ambassadors. But it wasn’t until January 2015 that the company set up an authorised dealership in Cambodia.

Mercedes-Benz was looking for a way to enter the market officially for the last four to five years. But only in 2015 did the Hong Kong-based parent company of the dealership, Lei Shing Hong Automotive, decide that it was the right time to invest in a $9 million 5,000-square-metre dealership. Lei Shing Hong Automotive is the authorised dealer for Mercedes-Benz in South Korea, mainland China, Vietnam and Cambodia.

What is the current automotive market like in Cambodia?
From what I know there are about 60,000 cars sold annually in Cambodia, but 90 percent of those vehicles are used cars in the grey market. So that leaves only 10 percent of the market for new cars, which makes the market very small. And with 250,000 new motorbikes being registered last year, Cambodia is still very much a motorcycle market because the average per capita income is only $1,100.

However, with economy growing at 7 percent a year, we believe that the automotive industry will continue to grow as a middle class develops. I don’t know how long it will take for this development – it could be five years or 25 years – but the rise of income levels is a trend that we are seeing across the region.

How do you operate successfully in this market when it is so saturated by grey market auto sales?
We hope that over time consumers will not just focus on price, but will make purchasing decisions based on quality and good customer service and mechanical support. We have high standards and we only import cars that we think are suitable for the Cambodian market, and we provide warranty protection on all of our sales. At our dealership, we have access to 40 different models that range in price from $85,000 to $300,000.

How many cars do you have on stock and how many do you sell a month?
Currently, sales are slow and we only sell a few cars a month. Right now we have around 18 cars in the showroom. But ideally we would have 20 to 25 cars in stock at all times. We plan to sell 50 cars this year and 70 cars next year.

What challenges does the automotive industry in Cambodia face?
The biggest challenge in Cambodia is the tax requirements. For instance we need to pay a 35 percent import duty, a special tax of 60 to 65 percent and a 10 percent value-added tax. If you add those all together, the mark up of a vehicle is over a 100 percent higher than the market value in say the US. So when you have unauthorised dealers that don’t follow the government’s laws and manipulate their invoices, it is not a fair competition.

What actions do you wish the government would take to create fair competition?
All the authorised dealers in Cambodia face the same problems with taxes and the grey market. And I understand that the government has the right to decide how it wants to tax auto imports to generate revenue that will be used to develop the country. We only ask that everybody pays the same taxes.

And I would also like to see Cambodia ban used car imports like the rest of the Asean members already have. If grey market cars continue to come into the market, it will be unhealthy for the auto industry.

This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

MOST VIEWED

  • Prince Norodom Ranariddh passes away at 77

    Prince Norodom Ranariddh, the second son of the late King Father Norodom Sihanouk and former First Prime Minister of Cambodia, has passed away in France at the age of 77. “Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh has passed away this morning in France just after 9am Paris-time,”

  • Cambodia purchases 4 million Molnupiravir tablets

    Cambodia has arranged for the purchase of four million US-made Molnupiravir pills – enough to treat 100,000 Covid-19 patients – even though the current rate of daily infections in Cambodia remains low. The medicine will be distributed to state hospitals, pharmacies and private clinics, according to the Samdech

  • Rise in planned flights lifts travel hopes

    Six airlines have applied to resume flights in December, while two others have put in for additional flights and routes, according to State Secretariat of Civil Aviation (SSCA) head Mao Havannall on November 29. These account for 43 new weekly domestic and international flights in December, up 16

  • Is Cambodia’s travel sector in for another cheerless holiday season?

    The travel and tourism sector was heaving back to life as borders started to reopen, promising a festive vibe for the holidays and New Year. But Omicron and other Covid-related issues are threatening to close the year on a bleak note ‘Seems [like] Covid-19 won’

  • No more Africa travel ban but new rules for arrivals

    The Ministry of Health has decided to lift the ban on travellers from or who have travelled through 10 African countries and instead issued a set of standard operating procedures to manage passenger arrivals at Cambodia’s international airports. The 10 African countries are Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho,

  • Cambodia planning new border checkpoint at Thma Da

    Cambodia is looking into the possibility of opening a new Thma Da Border Checkpoint with Thailand to boost trade and tourism. The Ministry of Public Works and Transport said on December 4 that Minister of Public Works and Transport Sun Chanthol led a technical working group