Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro on Wednesday introduced a controversial bill that opens up indigenous lands, many of them in the Amazon, to mining, agricultural activities and hydraulic energy production.
The far-right president described the measure, which still needs approval in Congress, as a “dream” while indigenous leaders have labelled it a “genocide bill”.
The measure, which has not yet been published, allows both indigenous and third-party developers to participate in the new land development.
“I hope this dream . . . comes true,” Bolsonaro said during a ceremony.
“An indigenous person is a human being exactly like us, who has a heart, has a soul, has desires, has needs, and is as Brazilian as we are,” he said.
In a statement, the presidency said the “omission” of previous governments to regulate these activities had caused legal uncertainty “and encouraged illegal mining”.
“This big step depends on Congress,” said Bolsonaro, a climate change sceptic.
“We will be pressured by the environmentalists. Those people, if I could, I would confine them to the Amazon region since they like the environment so much,” said the president, who often frames pressure from environmentalists as a foreign conspiracy.
Some 600 Brazilian indigenous leaders gathered in the Amazon state of Mato Grosso in January to denounce what they called the government’s “genocide, ethnocide and ecocide”.
Bolsonaro’s government, however, maintains that many indigenous leaders support its projects.