Currently garbage collection is restricted to a few areas of the city and is often
sporadic or unreliable. There is no collection at all in the three rural districts:
Dangkor, Meanchey and Russey Keo.
There is no formalized charging system and the collection of commercial garbage is
essentially bribe-based. The government and Cintri are working on plans to extend
the collection area and introduce a formal charging system.
A polluter-pays-based collection tariff structure is under discussion, which will
tax those most able to pay and subsidize the poor. However large parts of the city
are not accessible to collection trucks and some creative thinking is being applied
to this problem.
Sangkat authorities will be paid a 10 percent commission for collecting fees within
the serviced collection areas.
Consultant Juni Anai says only 60 percent of fees are collected currently because
of disagreement between MPP and users in setting fee rates, a complicated tariff
for businesses, and unclear criteria for categorizing customers.
"Business establishments receive higher benefit (through frequency, cleaner
streets) than households so we recommend higher fee rates for businesses. Consensus
on the fee must be made with each customer. The fee structure must be reviewed regularly,
and based on the amount of waste produced and the cost of the solid waste management
operation," said Anai.