Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Differing versions of Vietnam border events presented

Differing versions of Vietnam border events presented

Audience members follow proceedings at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia during Case 00202 against Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan earlier this week. ECCC
Audience members follow proceedings at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia during Case 00202 against Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan earlier this week. ECCC

Differing versions of Vietnam border events presented

Prosecutors and the defence at the Khmer Rouge tribunal yesterday presented key documents yesterday to reinforce opposing versions of events that took place between Democratic Kampuchea and Vietnam in the 1970s.

Prosecution lawyer Dale Lysak relied heavily on the research of Ben Kiernan, author of the book The Pol Pot Regime, and Khmer Rouge-era telegraphs to demonstrate that Democratic Kampuchean forces had made numerous and bloody incursions into Vietnam despite ongoing negotiations between the two neighbours.

“[While] negotiations were ongoing, Democratic Kampuchea soldiers in Mondulkiri initiated fighting and first attacked Vietnam,” Lysak said, referring to a 1976 telegram to Pol Pot and Nuon Chea, among others. Lysak also read that Cambodian forces entered Vietnam, stabbing unarmed civilians, burning villages and taking prisoners back to Cambodia.

In response, Anta Guisse, defence lawyer for Khieu Samphan, presented documents to support her argument that Vietnam didn’t recognise its border with Cambodia as legitimate, and that the Khmer Rouge had simply defended Cambodia’s sovereignty. Guisse argued that the actions of Democratic Kampuchea must be understood within the larger context of the Cold War, and ongoing talks between Hanoi and the Soviet Union about Vietnam’s borders.

As evidence that Vietnam did not respect Cambodia’s territorial integrity at the time, Guisse presented a 1976 study from the US Department of State.

“[The] question of boundary setting during the colonial period is quite important to emphasise because . . . Vietnam says that this is a border set by imperialists,” Guisse noted after reading an excerpt. “And this could be a reason for which Vietnam did not recognise this border.”

Guisse then turned to a variety of telegrams, speeches and meeting minutes to argue that the Khmer Rouge had been protecting its borders instead of aiming to invade Vietnam.

“They want to keep picking away at our territory … It is important that we prepare defence forces,” Guisse read from one such document, arguing there was no political will to attack Cambodia’s larger neighbour.

Guisse then went on to argue that the country’s experience as a member of the non-aligned movement gave it special sensitivity to questions of national integrity.

MOST VIEWED

  • Government set to slash holidays

    The private sector has welcomed the government’s move to reduce the number of public holidays in the in the Kingdom – known for having the most public holidays in the world – by seven days. However, the government had just added the “Day of Remembrance” on

  • ‘Kingdom lacks up to 400MW in available electricity’

    Prime Minister Hun Sen has called on the general public, hoteliers and businesspeople with generators to use them as back-up as the Electricity Authority of Cambodia cannot generate enough electricity to meet needs due to low water levels in power station reservoirs. On Saturday evening

  • Kith Theang being held in PJ prison

    Kith Theang, the brother of prominent businessman Kith Meng, was charged by Phnom Penh Municipal Court late on Monday and sent to the capital’s Police Judiciare (PJ) prison over the nearly 50kg of drugs found in a February 23 raid by authorities on the Rock

  • Sor Chandeth defends his criticism of Hun Sen

    Former senator Sor Chandeth has defended his choice of words when criticising Hun Sen, saying he was merely speaking metaphorically to attack the Prime Minister’s political life, not his actual person, as the latter seeks damages. [img] Chandeth spoke to The Post on Thursday,