Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Duch tells tribunal Nuon Chea ordered S-21 purges

Duch tells tribunal Nuon Chea ordered S-21 purges

Kaing Guek Eav speaks at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia yesterday in Phnom Penh. ECCC
Kaing Guek Eav speaks at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia yesterday in Phnom Penh. ECCC

Duch tells tribunal Nuon Chea ordered S-21 purges

The former chief of the Khmer Rouge’s notorious S-21 prison yesterday delved into details of the party’s internal purges and the regime’s final days.

According to ex-warden Kaing Guek Eav, better known as Duch, Khmer Rouge cadre were arrested “en masse” on the day Sao Phim – the East Zone secretary who later killed himself at S-21 – was arrested.

In the days prior, Duch received instructions from his superiors to make room for an influx of new prisoners, meaning large numbers of inmates were carted off to the Choeung Ek killing fields.

According to Duch, on one occasion there were 200 or 300 prisoners from the east who were brought in on trucks and immediately sent to their deaths. When prosecutor Dale Lysak asked who had ordered those people to be executed without interrogation, Duch responded: “It was brother Nuon”.

Nuon Chea, former second in command to Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot, is on trial for crimes against humanity alongside former head of state Khieu Samphan. Chea’s defence has strenuously denied his involvement in the running of S-21.

Duch recalled another en masse removal of prisoners from S-21, in early January 1979, just days before the Vietnamese forces claimed control of Cambodia.

During a meeting with a handful of cadre in Phnom Penh led by Samphan and attended by Duch, the head of state was calm and diverted attention away from the imminent threat during the last days before the regime toppled.

“He said the situation was normal . . . we were told to proceed with our normal work,” Duch said.

Duch, who is serving a life sentence after his own trial, recalled an encounter with his former comrade Vorn Vet – a member of the Khmer Rouge inner circle who was purged in 1978. Duch said Vet had described Pol Pot as a “two-faced” person plagued by “paranoia”.

Duch also recalled receiving a call from Nuon Chea in late 1978 calling for an interim halt to torture – such as beatings and electrocution – during interrogations.

“For Khmer prisoners, there was no reason to beat them, and we could retain 70 per cent of the detailed confessions . . . As for the Yuon [an often derogatory term for the Vietnamese], the practice remained the same,” Duch said. “Sometimes brother Nuon poked his fingers deep into the business of S-21.”

MOST VIEWED

  • Hun Sen: Full country reopening to be decided in two weeks

    Prime Minister Hun Sen has announced that if the Covid-19 situation remains stable for 15 consecutive days from the end of the October 5-7 Pchum Ben public holiday, Cambodia will reopen fully, albeit in the context of Covid-19 whereby people have to adjust their lives to

  • Cambodia sets new Covid-19 quarantine rules

    The government has modified Covid-19 quarantine requirements, shortening the duration for, among others, Cambodian officials, foreign diplomats and delegations, investors and inbound travellers in general. According to an official notice signed by Minister of Health Mam Bun Heng late on October 16, quarantine length for Cambodian

  • Cambodia unveils new quarantine regulations

    The government has modified Covid-19 quarantine requirements, shortening the duration for, among others, Cambodian officials, foreign diplomats and delegations, investors and inbound travellers in general. According to an official notice signed by Minister of Health Mam Bun Heng late on October 16, quarantine length for Cambodian

  • Hun Sen: Cambodia set to fully reopen

    Prime Minister Hun Sen concludes that the October 5-7 Pchum Ben public holiday, during which many people either flocked to their hometowns for family reunion or gathered at tourist attractions across the country, has not caused an outbreak of Covid-19. In a special address to

  • Will Evergrande change the way Chinese developers do business in Cambodia?

    China’s property sector policy has exposed the grim financial condition of real estate developers including those operating in Cambodia, which raises questions over the viability of their projects and business going forward The dark blue netting draping over one of Yuetai Group Co Ltd’

  • Cambodia seeks probe into 'false reports' on Hun Sen's alleged Cypriot passport

    Minister of Justice Koeut Rith on September 6 wrote a letter to his Cypriot counterpart Stephie Dracos requesting cooperation in investigating and providing the truth in relation to the "exaggerative and false allegations" that Prime Minister Hun Sen holds a Cypriot passport. In his letter, the