Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Endangered gaur gives birth

Endangered gaur gives birth

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Cameras reveal rare wildlife living in Virachey National Park in 2014, including a gaur with her calf. The Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre welcomed a newborn male gaur on Monday. Photo supplied

Endangered gaur gives birth

The Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre has announced the arrival on Monday of a male gaur calf to a female that was brought from the Kingdom’s northeastern region seven years ago as part of a pioneering breeding programme.

The centre’s director Nhek Ratanakpich told The Post yesterday that the calf was born on Monday afternoon and is now under the attentive care of the veterinarians there.

“Two years ago, the 10-year-old female gaur gave birth to a female calf and now it gave birth to another one,” he said, praising the success of the centre’s breeding programme.

Ratanakpich said there are now five gaurs in his rescue centre – two females and three males. One was brought from France, another was rescued from Battambang province and the last one was born earlier this week.

The government-run Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre (PTWRC) rehabilitates rescued animals in cooperation with Wildlife Alliance.

‘Small number’

As of today, the number of gaurs in the Kingdom could not be estimated.

However, the presence of a small number of them have been recorded in the jungles of Cardamom Mountains and the highlands in southwest, northwest and northeast of Cambodia, WWF-Cambodia director Seng Teak said.

“Camera traps have been installed in some of the Kingdom’s parks, such as Virachey National Park. The photographs show the presence of gaurs in small numbers,” Teak said.

He noted that the gaurs are an endangered species as registered in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.

With the positive outcome of PTWRC’s breeding programme, he hailed it as a major protection and preservation effort to save wild animals from extinction.

“I believe when those rescued animals are fully grown, they will be released into nature, so let’s hope they will not be poached,” said Teak.

The IUCN factsheet says the gaur, also commonly known as Indian bison is the largest extant bovine. Its muscular body can weigh up to 1,000kg for females and 1,500kg for males.

An average adult female is 1.6 metre tall, while a male is 1.85 metre tall.

Its horn is flatter than and as curvy as that of a banteng. And its hump stretches almost half of its body.

In colour, the adult male gaur is dark brown, approaching black in very old animals. The upper part of the head, from above the eyes to the nape of the neck, is, however, ashy grey. The muzzle is pale coloured, and the lower part of the legs are pure white or tan.

A gaur lives in the jungles and grasslands in areas with a latitude above 2,000 metres. Normally, it seeks food in the mornings and evenings. It likes to walk in a herd.

Just like humans, a female gaur is pregnant for nine months.

Gaurs face extinction due to habitat loss and poaching.

MOST VIEWED

  • ‘Education’ a priority traffic-law penalty

    A top National Police official on June 21 neither rejected nor confirmed the authenticity of a leaked audio message, which has gone viral on social media, on a waiver of fines for a number of road traffic-related offences. General Him Yan, deputy National Police chief in

  • Siem Reap’s $18M zoo said to educate public, help wildlife

    Angkor Wildlife and Aquarium Co Ltd has invested $18 million in a zoo in Siem Reap province, which will be opened in October to educate and promote animal conservation as well as attract national and international tourists. Currently, the Angkor Wildlife and Aquarium is building the

  • Volunteer scheme to foster ‘virtuous’ humanitarian spirit

    A senior education official said volunteer work contributes to solidarity and promotes a virtuous humanitarian spirit among the youth and communities. Serei Chumneas, undersecretary of state at the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, made the comment during the opening of a training programme called “

  • Chinese firms unveil preliminary results on metro, monorail for capital

    Minister of Public Works and Transport Sun Chanthol and representatives from China Road and Bridge Corp (CRBC) and its parent company, the state-owned China Communications Construction Co Ltd (CCCC), met on June 24 for talks on results of the firms’ preliminary study on a potential metro

  • Nestle’s debut may spur dairy market

    Leading confectionery manufacturer Nestle plans to invest in Cambodia by setting up an operation in the near future, a move majorly hailed by local dairy farmers as a means of boosting the fresh milk market in the Kingdom. During a visit by a delegation led

  • ACLEDA, WU to enable global money transfers

    Cambodia's largest commercial bank by total assets ACLEDA Bank Plc and global money transfer firm Western Union (WU) have partnered to offer customers cross-border money transfers to 200 countries via “ACLEDA mobile” app. In Channy, president and group managing director of ACLEDA, said the June 22 agreement