Voters were bombarded by a blitzkrieg of promises from the 39 political
parties during the month-long campaign period. A record number of voters
- 5,057,679 - cast their ballots on election day, a clear message that Cambodians
were filled with hope that democracy would make a difference in their lives.
The Center for Social Development has reprinted an edited translation of
the political platforms that the winning parties submitted to the CSD before
the election for its non-partisan Voter's Guide as a reminder to both the
voters and the parties of the promises that were made - greater respect
for human rights, elimination of corruption, improvments to public education
and health care, an end to war and many others.
Peace, Liberty, Democracy, Neutrality, Social Development
President Chea Sim
Goals and objectives Cambodian People's Party is cemented to the
ideal of patriotism, sharing woe and happiness with people in all circumstances.
The party will do everything for the people. CPP's stance is to:
- Strengthen, respect and defend the constitution.
- Practice free multiparty democracy, respect human rights and freedom of
the press, and ensure the rights of all people as stipulated in the universal
communique of the United Nations.
- Continue carrying out a national reconciliation policy, strengthening
a state of law, reforming administration and the national armed forces.
- Undertake free market economy, ensure economic stability, attract investors,
eliminate corruption, theft, sex and drug trafficking. Furthermore, CPP
will seek assistance for constructing the country and for raising the pay
of civil servants and armed forces.
- CPP defends the independent sovereignty and territorial
integrity of181,035 km2 of sea and space.
- Settle border disputes by peaceful negotiation, not force.
- Block the in-flow of immigrants and solve the problem through law enforcement.
- To enable children old enough to go to school to enroll in public school
without paying school fees.
- To promote informal education to achieve the goal "Education is for
everyone" in order to eliminate illiteracy.
- To upgrade the quality of education by connecting education with production.
- CPP recognizes the legal ownership of farmers
and aims to promote the issuing of land ownership certificates to farmers
in conjunction with a non-taxation policy on farmland for small-scale family
- To promote the rehabilitation of farmland, the construction of irrigation
systems, crop intensification, and cultivation of secondary crops. CPP implements
the agricultural product price support policy.
- To upgrade the quality of public health services by giving priority to
rural health services.
- To boost education on the prevention of infections and chronic diseases
in order to decrease diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, sex-related
disease, AIDS, diarrhea, dengue, cancer, etc.
- To improve the health conditions of women and children through the expansion
of a birth spacing program, vaccination, nutrition and family health care.
- To provide access to necessary public health services for elder persons,
the handicapped and the poor.
- To strengthen the protection and preservation of the environment based
on natural resource management laws.
- To introduce environmental issues into the education program in order
to upgrade awareness of the environment in teachers, pupils and students.
- To block environmental pollution.
- To boost the development of environmental tourism in order to reduce to
exploitation of natural resources.
- To end war and make a nationwide peace which guarantees there will be
no return to a genocide regime. The CPP is in favor of the law to outlaw
the Khmer Rouge. CPP supports the "win-win" policy of the government
which was raised by second Prime Minister Hun Sen.
- To carry on integrating the remaining armed forces and people in areas
under the control of outlawed guerrillas as done in Samlot, Pailin, Malay
and Anlong Veng.
Independence, Peace, and Cooperation
President Prince Norodom Ranariddh
Goals and objectives
- To respect the 1993 Constitution with the motto
"Nation, Religion, King".
- To defend national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity
asprovided for in appendix 5 of the Paris Peace Accord.
- To organize the civil administration, military and police system to be
neutral, clean and effective.
- To strictly enforce migration and nationality laws.
- To ensure the respect of international treaties on human rights, rights
for women, children and ethics.
- To boost development to upgrade living conditions, to eliminate poverty
and to attract foreign investment.
- To develop human resources by vocational training for youth.
- To fight corruption by upgrading the living standards of civil servants,
soldiers and police.
- To fight drug trafficking.
- To act against dictatorship, militarism and violence.
- To investigate the loss of State property.
- To reform the curriculum, provide books and materials, and train teachers
and education officials to govern schools.
- To ensure equality in schooling, reduce illiteracy, and ensure that every
child has the opportunity to go to school.
- To direct education toward human resources development for effectiveness
- To encourage partnerships from various sectors of the society, particularly
the private sector.
- To increase paddy rice yield and other crops, and the price of the products.
- To improve the quality of the products through the introduction of new
- To defend land ownership of farmers and strongly protest against the seizure
- To revise and resettle the forestry concession according to the guidelines
of the World Bank and UNDP.
- To retrain public health officials and to upgrade the quality of clinics
- To provide education on the importance of individual and family health.
- To control the distribution of fake medicine or expired date medicine.
- To launch a vaccination campaign against tuberculosis, polio and measles
for all children.
- To provide education on the use of medicine and birth control methods.
- To spread information on the dangers of AIDS.
- To conduct a blood testing campaign for sex workers.
- To manage the forest and increase tree replanting.
- To control and prevent the coastal zone from contamination by poisonous
- To preserve sources of water from damage by factories or mine exploitation.
- To control the fish population by establishing research and training institutes
and to protect fish.
- To control and decrease private weapons.
- To get rid of anarchy in both the city and rural areas.
- To eliminate robberies, thefts and militia men.
- To organize armed forces to become territorial integrity defenders, people
protectors and developers.
- Our goal is to move forward to the kind of peace that we had during the
Sangkum Reastr Niyum period by means of national reconciliation and cooperation.
FUNCINPEC will never use violence to solve the problems of the nation.
Honesty, and Justice
President Sam Rainsy
Goals and objectives
- To put an end to war between Khmer and Khmer in order to bring a real
peace to the nation.
- To reclaim and defend the Cambodian's territorial integrity through legal
- To deal with illegal immigrants by non-violent means.
-To get rid of corruption by increasing the salary of civil servants and
armed forces to a suitable level.
- To improve social justice by protecting the poor, the vulnerable and victims.
- To assure and protect current property and house ownership, and provide
adequate farmland and convenient shelter.
- To ensure the respect of human rights and fair, liberal democracy.
- To ensure the neutrality of public administration by keeping the present
position of every government official, but for the administrations to be
independent from political parties.
- To protect and preserve natural resources, namely forestry and fishery.
- To revise and correct any public contracts not being in conformity with
the law, or not serving the public good.
- To ensure the neutrality of the royal armed forces, police and military
- To set up a modern standard for education.
- To boost technological training namely in agriculture, industry, the electronics
business, electric power construction, so that Khmer children have real
technical skills to participate in nation building in all areas.
- To completely eliminate the certificate buying and corruption within the
- To make land title reform in order to provide enough land for farming
- To provide technical assistance to farmers by sending agricultural specialists
to help them understand intensified agriculture techniques.
- To promote the price of agricultural products such as rice, maize, beans
to be in proportion with market price.
- To set a suitable price for fertilizer.
- To construct irrigation systems in areas of water shortage
- To encourage investment in agricultural products processing for both domestic
consumption and export.
- To set up a public health care system such as hospitals, health centers,
medicine to provide services to people both in the cities and rural areas.
- To organize a compatible system of treatment and prevention to reduce
the number of sick.
- To set up a permanent program for health care education
- To stop the destruction of forests, log exports, and to take tough legal
action against offenders
- To prohibit factory construction in towns, as well as the release of waste
into underground drainage system or into rivers or lakes.
- To control garbage throwing in towns and public places.
- To grant incentive awards to people who are interested in protecting and
preserving the natural resources
- To abolish the law outlawing the Khmer Rouge for full national reconciliation.
- To convert the budget left from war waging to help handicaps, widows,
orphans, to clear mines, and to develop the country.
- To maintain good relations with neighboring countries on the basis of
mutual respect and non-interference.
Edited extract of the Voter's Guide published by
the Center for Social Development, a non-partisan organisation which supports
all parties in furthering democracy in Cambodia. The Voter's Guide was made
possible through cooperation with the National Election Committee, COFFEL.
COMFREL, and with the support of the New Zealand Embassy and USAID through
the Asia Foundation.