SURGEON Thiounn Thioeunn, 78, is one of the longest serving Khmer Rouge leaders
and has been in charge of public health since 1971.
He received his medical training in France. Historians say Thioeunn was a member
of one of the richest and most influential families in Cambodia. He and his three
brothers, Chum, Mumm and Prasith all studied in Paris. They all developed left-wing
contacts and were reputed to be fiercely nationalistic.
Thioeunn was a former professor of surgery at the Phnom Penh medical school and was
Thioeunn's answer to any question about politics: "I am a medical doctor that
Chan Youran, 62, a lawyer and public administrator, is a graduate in law and
holds a doctorate in public administration.
Youran held positions in the Cambodian government prior to 1971 including: Chief
of Bureau of Administrative and Social Affairs at the Council of Ministers; Under-director
for human resources at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; first secretary of the Cambodian
Embassy in Paris.
Positions within the KR include: Minister of Popular Education and Youth 1971-1975;
Ambassador to China; Ambassador to Pakistan; Ambassador to Beijing for the National
Supreme National Council until December 1993; Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign
Affairs and Minister in charge of Traditions, Culture and Khmer Literature in the
government of national solidarity and national salvation, July 1994.
"We never shared those views, never, never. Cambodia is composed of many people
not just farmers." - Youran on whether the defectors are finding it hard to
Mak Ben, 54, holds a doctorate in economics from the University of Paris. He
is a graduate from the Institute of Enterprise Management and also the International
Institute of Public Administration in Paris.
He served as: Chargé d'Affaires for the embassy of the coalition government
in Beijing, 1985; Chargé d'Affaires in the Cambodian embassy in Yugoslavia,
1987; member of the Secretariat of the Supreme National Council 1992-93; named Minister
of Rural Affairs, Agriculture and Water July 1994 .
"Don't ask me I don't know." - Mak Ben on how much money the KR has and
In Sopheap, 55, an engineer, graduated from the Ecole Centrale in Paris. He left
Paris in 1972 to go to the control zone of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. Later
he served as: a counselor at the Beijing Embassy;
member of the DK delegation to the general assembly of the United Nations in 1981;
Ambassador to Egypt, Somalia and Sudan, 1985 - 1986; a member of the KR government
since July 1994.
"We are reintergrated in the national community. What the national community
asks we should follow." - Sopheap on what they would do if asked to testify
Kor Bun Heng, 52, was the rebel's spokesman and adviser. In the 1980s he was
a ministerial adviser for Democratic Kampuchea at the United Nations. He was reportedly
close to Khieu Samphan. Given the title "Ambassador" from May 1991, he
was the first spokesman of the KR in Phnom Penh in 1992.
"We think like the old people so we live like the old people." - Heng on
his plans for the future.
-Biographical details were obtained from Raoul Jennar's book Les Cles du Cambodge,
David Chandler's Brother Number One and interviews.