Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Rehab programme to be tested in Cambodia



Rehab programme to be tested in Cambodia

Local authorities and civil society members engage in discussion at the workshop on community based treatment for people who use drugs yesterday in Phnom Penh.
Local authorities and civil society members engage in discussion at the workshop on community based treatment for people who use drugs yesterday in Phnom Penh. Heng Chivoan

Rehab programme to be tested in Cambodia

A community-based treatment programme for drug users – which has reduced costs, rates of relapse and drug-user related crimes in trials in China – is set to be piloted in two Phnom Penh communes from December, stakeholders said yesterday.

Community-based treatment has long been advocated for by the National Authority for Combating Drugs (NACD), as opposed to conventional approaches that see users sent to mandatory rehabilitation centres, known for their prison-like conditions and high relapse rates.

Speaking at the launch at Phnom Penh’s Himawari Hotel, NACD Secretary-General Meas Vyrith said the challenge in implementing community-based treatment has been in coordinating efforts between local police, health authorities and civil society organisations to help, rather than punish, drug users.

“We faced some small issues relating to the people involved not understanding each other,” he said.

The new approach, he said, enables local-level institutions to “push the drug users to get treatment”, instead of facing arrest and criminal proceedings.

The NACD will coordinate with the Ministry of Health, law enforcement and NGOs, such as HIV-prevention NGO Khana and harm-reduction NGO Korsang, to implement the plan.

“We need to work together,” said Dr Chhit Sophal, the director of the ministry’s Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse.

The plan will also include a smartphone application that allows care-givers and authorities to add information to a database to track a patient’s progress. This data can also be later used to devise new policies, Sophal said.

For Sophal, an important factor in strengthening community-based treatment was to develop counselling services nationwide. According to ministry data, only 88 of 110 referral hospitals and 208 of 1,202 health centers in the Kingdom provide counselling services.

The pilot, in the capital’s Chbar Ampov and Teuk Thla communes, is modeled after a programme tested in Yuxi city, Yunnan Province, China by the NGO Aids Care China (ACC).

“We are aiming to provide constructive evidence . . . to develop new policies for combating drug use,” said ACC Director Thomas Cai, who was brought on as a consultant for Khana.

While funding details are not yet finalised, Cai said he hopes the programme will run for at least two to three years, with the first-year cost for each site at roughly $100,000.

This article has been updated with the number of health centers in the Kingdom that provide counselling services.

MOST VIEWED

  • First Khmer woman to pass out of West Point

    The life of a soldier certainly isn’t for everyone. The training is gruelling, the hours long and there’s no room for excuses. On top of that, soldiers must be ready to respond to sudden threats at a moment’s notice. Just ask Sithyka

  • Tourists urged not to skip trip

    The Ministry of Tourism has called on international tourists not to cancel trips to Cambodia, but urged them to adhere to several dos and don’ts when arriving in the Kingdom during the Covid-19 pandemic. The ministry released an eight-point instruction manual on Wednesday published

  • The taxman cometh – Cambodia’s capital gains tax casts the net on individual taxpayers

    In a country where only limited personal income tax existed, the new taxation law beginning January 1, 2021, will make taxpayers out of Cambodians, whether they are ready for it or not About two years ago, a little known amendment was made to Article 7 of the Law

  • Cambodian-American gets Star Trek treatment

    Kevin Ung, a Cambodian-American whose family escaped genocide during the Khmer Rouge’s reign of terror, was recently selected from thousands of applicants to participate in the Television Academy Foundation’s inaugural 2020 Star Trek Command Training Programme, a course intended to give hands-on filmmaking experience

  • Cambodia seeks to be transport hub

    Cambodia is working on several fronts to modernise its transport infrastructure and services, concentrating on opening new international gates to relieve and balance traffic congestion at its borders, Minister of Public Works and Transport Sun Chanthol said on Thursday. This is part of the Kingdom’

  • Deminers unearth ancient lion statue

    Cambodia Mine Action Centre (CMAC) director-general Heng Ratana told The Post on Tuesday that a statue of a lion was found by mine clearance experts while they were digging for a development project. It was sent to the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts last