Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Report on 5-year tuberculosis case study completed

Report on 5-year tuberculosis case study completed

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Deliverymen ride past the National Centre for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control (CENAT) in Phnom Penh’s Chamkarmon district. Heng Chivoan

Report on 5-year tuberculosis case study completed

Cambodia has made remarkable progress in the fight against tuberculosis (TB), reducing cases by 25 per cent between 2015 and 2020. Over 45,000 TB cases per year still occur, however, and 22 per cent of the patients are under 14 years old, according to the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (IPC).

According to its July 4 press release, IPC and the Cambodian National Tuberculosis Programme – together with the TB-Speed consortium – are organising a national restitution symposium of the TB-Speed Project results in Phnom Penh on July 5 and 6.

This research project, which aims to reduce TB mortality in children by improving diagnosis, was deployed between 2017 and 2022 in seven limited-resources countries with a high incidence of TB: Cambodia, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Uganda and Zambia.

The TB-Speed Research project is funded by Unitaid – a global health initiative focused on innovations to prevent major diseases in low- and middle-income countries – Initiative-Expertise France and the French infectious disease agency ANRS.

The symposium will bring together project partners, key stakeholders, TB-Speed scientific committee members and representatives of the World Health Organisation (WHO), along with the team from the national TB programme.

“Tuberculosis affects approximately 10 million people per year worldwide, including one million children. Less than half of all childhood TB cases are reported to WHO, as the diagnosis of TB in children is difficult,” the press release said.

“Approximately 250,000 children worldwide die from tuberculosis and, in the majority of cases, these deaths occur in children who were not put on treatment because they were not diagnosed,” it added.

Huot Chan Yuda, director of the National Centre for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control (CENAT), told The Post that the programmme had focused on doing trial research in a few specific parts of the country. The pilot project tested stool and blood samples of children, which was different to CENAT’s testing, which was carried out on patients’ sputum.

“If the trial is successful, that will expand it further in Cambodia,” he said.

He added that the Covid-19 crisis of the past two years had created a number of problems for TB research, and that cases were rising.

“After the Covid situation improved, we restarted our research activities. We have seen an increase in cases overall. As you know, like Covid-19, TB is a respiratory infection which affects the lungs,” Chan Yuda said.

In 2021, more than 32,000 TB cases were recorded in Cambodia and the first six months of this year saw 15,000 cases.

The release explained that the TB-Speed Project aims to contribute to the reduction of child mortality by increasing the number of children diagnosed with TB and successfully treated, by working on two main research axes: decentralisation of an innovative diagnostic approach of TB at district hospital and primary health centre levels and improvement of diagnosis of the most vulnerable children.

The project conducted five studies among children with suspected TB. It involved strengthening the diagnostic capacity for childhood TB in 16 referral hospitals, 12 district hospitals and 48 primary health centres through staff training, the installation of GeneXpert machines for the molecular diagnosis of TB, the deployment of equipment and materials for the collection of alternative specimens to sputum, such as nasopharyngeal aspirates and stool specimens, the digitisation of X-ray imaging at hospital level, and the implementation of quality control systems, according to the press release.

MOST VIEWED

  • Hong Kong firm done buying Coke Cambodia

    Swire Coca-Cola Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hong Kong-listed Swire Pacific Ltd, on November 25 announced that it had completed the acquisition of The Coca-Cola Co’s bottling business in Cambodia, as part of its ambitions to expand into the Southeast Asian market. Swire Coca-Cola affirmed

  • Cambodia's Bokator now officially in World Heritage List

    UNESCO has officially inscribed Cambodia’s “Kun Lbokator”, commonly known as Bokator, on the World Heritage List, according to Minister of Culture and Fine Arts Phoeurng Sackona in her brief report to Prime Minister Hun Sen on the night of November 29. Her report, which was

  • NagaWorld union leader arrested at airport after Australia trip

    Chhim Sithar, head of the Labour Rights Supported Union of Khmer Employees at NagaWorld integrated casino resort, was arrested on November 26 at Phnom Penh International Airport and placed in pre-trial detention after returning from a 12-day trip to Australia. Phnom Penh Municipal Court Investigating Judge

  • Sub-Decree approves $30M for mine clearance

    The Cambodian government established the ‘Mine-Free Cambodia 2025 Foundation’, and released an initial budget of $30 million. Based on the progress of the foundation in 2023, 2024 and 2025, more funds will be added from the national budget and other sources. In a sub-decree signed by Prime Minister Hun Sen

  • Two senior GDP officials defect to CPP

    Two senior officials of the Grassroots Democratic Party (GDP) have asked to join the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), after apparently failing to forge a political alliance in the run-up to the 2023 general election. Yang Saing Koma, chairman of the GDP board, and Lek Sothear,

  • 11th Chaktomuk Short Film Festival draws to close

    Cambodia's 11th Chaktomuk Short Film Festival wrapped up successfully on November 28 after a four-day run, with the film “Voice of the Night” awarded top prize for 2022. Sum Sithen, the organiser of the short film festival, told The Post that the number of attendees to the