Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Safe carcass disposal is important

Safe carcass disposal is important

Incinerator used to safely dispose of chicken carcasses.
Incinerator used to safely dispose of chicken carcasses.

Safe carcass disposal is important

Transferable by air, water and direct contact, animal diseases found in carcasses can be highly contagious. A recent report of some dead chickens that were dumped in a canal in Kampong Thom Province highlighted the urgency of educating the public about the proper disposal of animal carcasses for the safety of livestock, poultry and humans alike.

Leading agro business and poultry giant C.P. Cambodia shares best practices for raising chickens, which includes the proper disposal of carcasses in the event that a contagious disease strikes and claims part of the stock, even though the previously mentioned chickens were not theirs.

Dr Poohrich Sinwat, veterinarian and business development manager for C.P. Cambodia, explained how important carcass management is in raising chickens and other animals.

“Every chicken farm should have a place or facility for carcass disposal,” Sinwat said, and pointed out that there are three common methods to safely dispose of carcasses that his company has successfully used for the last 20 years. These methods include a trench burial, incineration and the use of safe disposal pits (see info box).

One reason that makes the safe disposal of carcasses a necessity in chicken farming is that deadly diseases are easily spread in tropical climates, said Sinwat. He added that in order to avoid disease and death among chickens, C.P. and their contract farms maintain strict and routine preventive measures.

“All chickens in our company’s farms and contract farms are vaccinated against viruses to prevent disease and are occasionally fed antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. Our veterinarians carry out monthly and on-call health checkups for animals in all farms where they also take samples for laboratory tests,” he said.

However, it is natural that disease can’t always be prevented even when best practices are enforced. When there is an outbreak of disease, Sinwat said, C.P. offers guidance to their contract farmers – something that is accompanied by government support for large cases.

“In case [of] large numbers of deaths, perhaps around hundreds, farmers may lack the capacity to dispose of carcasses on their farm. Then the government authorities can be asked for help and advice,” he said.

Safe methods of carcass disposal for farmers contracted by C.P. Cambodia

1. Trench burial
Dig a three metre wide and deep pit in an open field that is around two to three kilometres away from the farm, sources of water, or the community. Disinfect the pit with calcium hydroxide. Carcasses have to be covered with one metre of soil and an extra layer of soil, around 50 centimetres above ground, so the soil will not sink during decomposition.

2. Incineration
You can either buy a cylindrical incinerator or build one yourself. To build your own incinerator, assemble a one by one metre chute constructed of cement and bricks. Make sure there is enough space for a fire beneath the chute, which has to be covered during incineration. Do not build the incinerator near the farm or a community.

3. Disposal pit
A common way to deal with small amounts carcasses in poultry production are disposal pits. The pit should be three metres wide and five metres deep with solid walls and a permeable base. The pits can also be used to dispose of swine carcasses.

MOST VIEWED

  • Government denies claims former Thai PM Yingluck issued Cambodian passport

    Government officials on Thursday denied claims that a Cambodian passport was issued to former Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, who reportedly used it to register a company in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong-based English language South China Morning Post (SCMP) on Wednesday reported Hong Kong

  • Diplomatic passports issued to foreigners to be annulled

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation will move to annul diplomatic passports issued to those not born in Cambodia. Analysts say the move may be in relation to reports that former Thai prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra used a Cambodian passport to register as

  • Hun Sen warns Irish MP of EBA ‘mistake’

    Prime Minister Hun Sen on Saturday told former Irish premier Enda Kenny, still a member of the EU nation’s parliament, that the 28-nation bloc should not make a “third mistake” regarding Cambodia by using the preferential Everything But Arms (EBA) agreement to “take 16 million

  • The hairy little heroes saving many lives in rural Cambodia

    IN RURAL Siem Reap province, rats dare to tread where no person will, as these hairy little heroes place their lives on the line each day for the good of the local community. The rodents are the most important members of a special team, leading