Logo of Phnom Penh Post newspaper Phnom Penh Post - Sean Pengse, former minister and fierce critic of Cambodia’s border disputes with Vietnam, dies at 82



Sean Pengse, former minister and fierce critic of Cambodia’s border disputes with Vietnam, dies at 82

Sean Pengse, a vocal activist on Cambodia’s controversial border disputes with neighbouring Vietnam, has passed away in France at the age of 82. Photo supplied
Sean Pengse, a vocal activist on Cambodia’s controversial border disputes with neighbouring Vietnam, has passed away in France at the age of 82. Photo supplied

Sean Pengse, former minister and fierce critic of Cambodia’s border disputes with Vietnam, dies at 82

Sean Pengse, a former government minister under the Lon Nol regime and an outspoken critic on Cambodia’s border issues with Vietnam, has died in France at 82.

Pengse passed away after a long illness in the early hours of Tuesday morning, according to a statement issued by the Cambodia Border Committee, of which he was president.

Renowned for his engineering mind, he carved a controversial figure in Cambodia, where his vocal campaigns for the Kingdom’s territorial integrity often clashed with the ruling Cambodian People’s Party and the border treaties the government had signed with neighbouring Vietnam.

Pengse was married to the late Vann Daret, the niece of the late acclaimed architect Vann Molyvann. Pengse is survived by his four children, Serge, Theodore, Eric and Ketty. Born in Kampong Cham province in 1936, he attended high school at Lycée Sisowath in Phnom Penh before travelling to France, where he earned a diploma in engineering between 1959 and 1965.

Returning to Cambodia, he served as the director of mining services at the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Handicraft during the Sangkum era under Prince Norodom Sihanouk.

Shortly after the Lon Nol coup of 1970, he was named commissioner general of energy, mines and sea before being promoted to minister of industry, mines and Handicraft in 1973.

The following year he headed a Cambodian delegation involved in negotiating border disputes with Vietnam – a role that acted as a cornerstone for what would later become his legacy as a fierce advocate for territorial sovereignty.

Before the fall of Phnom Penh to the Khmer Rouge in 1975, Pengse fled to France, where he resided for much of his life.

He founded the Paris-based Cambodian Border Committee in 1999. Through the CBC, he repeatedly argued that Cambodia had lost land to Vietnam due to border treaties that were signed in the 1980s, when the Kingdom was still occupied by its stronger neighbour.

At a critical point in 2005, Pengse was charged in absentia for defamation over an interview he gave on Beehive Radio, criticising Prime Minister Hun Sen for signing a supplementary border treaty with Vietnam. Beehive President Mam Sonando, who conducted the interview, was swiftly jailed.

Again in 2010, Pengse claimed controversial border markers were planted illegally, because a 1985 treaty used as a basis for the border delineation was cancelled, and further said the government failed to consult landowners who lost their land as a result – both claims the government has denied.

The border remains a hot-button issue in Cambodia today. Former opposition lawmaker Um Sam An, a close associate of Pengse, is currently serving a two-and-a-half-year jail term for “incitement” for claiming on Facebook that the government had ceded territory by using incorrect maps to draw the border.

Dy Kareth, a former journalist during the Lon Nol regime and a close friend to Pengse, said he was both passionate and “furious” about the border issue, and he regarded the treaties as “a violation of international law”. But to those who knew him well, “he is a gentle, honest, generous man . . . with high morality”, Kareth added.

The Cambodian Watchdog Council also put out a statement mourning “the loss of a map-drawing expert and a valuable human resource to the Cambodian people, who spent half his life trying to protect Khmer sovereignty”.

Rong Chhun, a former union leader and member of National Election Committee, said Pengse had “sacrificed tremendously” for the sake of Cambodia’s land and maritime borders. “We are sad and shocked because we have lost an important person for the country,” he said. “Whenever he talked about the border, the government was not happy toward all of his statements. They rejected and reacted strongly back to him.

“All the ideas he stated should be taken into account and they should not be perceived as thorns in your eyes, because it was to help the nation to survive.”

Indeed, Cambodian People’s Party spokesman Sok Eysan, while offering his personal condolences to Pengse’s family for their loss, said the party was unlikely to issue a letter expressing similar sentiments. “We have different ideas, because he holds liberal ideas and he accused the CPP of being communist, and that accusation is in contrast to the reality,” Eysan said.

Sean Pengse’s body will be cremated on January 29 and the seventh day of his funeral will take place on February 3 at Purthivong pagoda in France.

MOST VIEWED

  • Would you like fries with that? US burger chain makes Phnom Penh debut

    California-based The Habit Burger Grill restaurant chain is all set to serve up a delicious array of charbroiled burgers and sides at its newest international location in the centre of Phnom Penh. The Habit is “renowned for its award-winning Charburgers grilled over an open flame,

  • Woman seeks answers after arrest of American partner

    Filipina Lalaine de Guzman, 48, is demanding answers for the detention of her American partner by Cambodian immigration officers after he was arrested at their home almost 90 days ago. She said without an arrest warrant or proffering any criminal charges, Stephen Sidney Greatsinger, 56, is being detained

  • ‘No chance Cambodia booted out of ASEAN’

    A group of former and current Cambodian diplomats on Tuesday fired back at retired Singaporean diplomat Bihalari Kausikan after he proposed that ASEAN dismiss Cambodia and Laos from the bloc. In an open letter, the Cambodian diplomats said Kausikan’s remarks were made from a

  • Phnom Penh underpass opens to ease traffic

    Prime Minister Hun Sen has announced a temporary opening of the 488m underpass at the Chaom Chao roundabout in Phnom Penh’s Por Sen Chey district, which was recently completed to connect traffic from National Road 4 to Russian Federation Blvd. The move is to reduce

  • Banteay Meanchey flood victims receive aid

    Prime Minister Hun Sen on Wednesday provided aid to more than 10,000 families affected by flooding in Banteay Meanchey province’s Mongkol Borei district and offered his condolences to the 18 victims who drowned in the province over the past week. He said flooding had occured in

  • PM urges caution as Polish man tests positive for Covid

    The Ministry of Health on Wednesday reported that a 47-year-old Polish man tested positive for Covid-19 after arriving in Cambodia on Monday. There are a total of six Covid-19 patients currently in the country, all of whom are being treated at the Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital