In your interview with the Khmer Mohanikay Supreme Patriarch, Tep Vong, ("Great
Supreme Patriarch," Post, December 15, 2006), the Patriarch said he wanted "to
have serenity for himself," as a reason for becoming a Buddhist monk. This is
contrary to Buddhist teaching: Lord Buddha was striving with much sacrifice and effort
to find the way out of the sufferings born of desire, greed, and poverty, as the
common lot of humanity.
Furthermore, I believe that the Supreme Patriarch is not the disciple of Lord Buddha,
but the disciple of the Pol Pot Khmer Rouge, when he dares say the political parties
are divided in two: "the older party or host party, and the younger party, or
guest party." This is like under the Pol Pot time when the Khmer Rouge divided
the population into castes or classes: the "base" or "old" people,
and those of April 17, the "new" people, who were called the capitalists...
and most of them were killed.
Lord Buddha rejected the caste system born of the Vedic and Brahmanic system. Only
merit leads people or a country to peace and prosperity. If we talk about history
and morality, there is no basis for a man to raise himself high in the hierarchy
except through building merit.
Historically, the Democrat Party, led by Prince Sisowath Yuthevong and created after
the Second World War, is the oldest party. The Cambodian People's Party was born
of the Vietminh Indochinese Communist Party, which wished to control French Indochina.
On the role of Buddhist monks, the Supreme Patriarch must learn in greater depth
about Buddhism, because before Lord Buddha, our Supreme Teacher, had reached illumination,
he was striving to understand the root cause of the sufferings of all living beings,
and the way leading to the cessation of these sufferings. He did not strive to find
his own serenity at all.
Furthermore, the role of the Buddhist monks is not "to preserve Khmer spirit
and to protect Buddhism for ever," because of Anicca or impermanence. The role
of monks is to wander everywhere and to preach the Dharma, to leave all possessions,
reputation and official ranks; it has nothing to do with economy and culture at all.
Because the role of Buddhist monks is to preach the Dharma and to teach, for that
reason monks must know about different philosophical systems; either Indian or Western,
the Dharma and Abhidharma.
When conflict between Funcinpec and the Cambodian People's Party reached the extent
that they fought battles in July 1997, the Supreme Patriarch for Cambodians abroad,
His Holiness Preah Mahaghosananda, had the courage to lead the Khmer people, including
political leaders, on a Peace March or Dhammayâtrâ. But we could not
see any other Supreme Patriarch coming down the streets to beg for peace, just as
during the Khmer Republic the Supreme Patriarch Huot Tat, in 1970-71 dared not lead
a procession begging for peace, as Samdech Bovor Setha Thipdei Son Sann asked him
to do in accordance with his role as a Buddhist monk.
Regarding society, what have the Buddhist monks done to eradicate poverty suffered
by the great majority of the Khmer people? What have the Buddhist monks done to uphold
the human rights that are embodied in the Buddha's teachings, such as the opposition
to the caste system or hierarchy born from bad means of existence? And what have
they achieved so far to uphold knowledge, like the former Supreme Chuon Nath during
the Sangkum Reastr Niyum time?
Son Soubert - President of the Permanent Committee of the Son Sann Foundation,
(Soubert is a member of the Constitutional Council.)